Barbaris is a universal plant used withdifferent purposes. Gardeners appreciate it for small berries with sour taste, serving as an excellent seasoning in cooking, marinades and pickles, the basis for compotes. Landscape designers choose a shrub as a bright element in decoration, especially in autumn and summer against the backdrop of thick concha or in a single planting.
Barbaris: description and varieties
A fairly large genus includes mainlyshrubs, less often trees. Plants are highly resistant to heat, carry even poor soils and grow rapidly, which allows them to be used to create a hedge. This is facilitated by the fact that the reproduction of barberry by cuttings in spring or summer passes quickly and in most cases successfully, which allows obtaining new plants in a short time without hassle. Representatives of the genus are low shrubs and trees, deciduous, semi-or evergreen.
The most famous were the following types:
- Barberry is ordinary. It is a very tall (up to 3 m), abundant branching shrub. Popular in culture and unpretentious in leaving is barberry. Reproduction by cuttings or division of a bush is not difficult. Characteristic high resistance to frost. There are several forms with decorative leaves, including Alba variegata.
- Barbaris Tunberga (pictured above). Deciduous shrub up to 2.5 m high and arched branches falling to the ground. Valued for the high decorative of leaves of bright red and yellow shades, the fruits are not used for food. If there is a need to strengthen slopes or gullies, it is the Tunberga barberry that is planted. Reproduction by cuttings is possible, but, as a rule, planting with seeds or seedlings is practiced.
- Barbaris Ottawa. In our latitudes, shrubs are rare. The height is about 2 meters, the main advantage is the leaves, which in summer have a pink-violet color, reincarnating to winter in a bright crimson color. Frosty, rapidly growing. It has a variety of varieties (superba, auricoma, silver miles, etc.)
Reproduction of barberry by cuttings
In spring, in summer and in autumn, the shrub can be propagatedwith the help of propagation. For this, one-year, lignified branches with 4-5 internodes, 15-20 cm long are used. If you choose early spring for vegetative propagation, then it is best to do this before the kidneys begin to swell. The first time you need to withstand the cuttings in the refrigerator, and the rooting begins only when the soil warms up.
In the case of autumn propagation, proceed to itas late as possible, but before the frosty weather. Shoots are cut with a sharp knife and stored in a basement in a container with wet sand. Take care that they do not become moldy. Further, the actions are the same - landing in the ground, as soon as it warms up. For starters, you can use a small boy, in case of success, transplant the young plants to a permanent place.
Barbaris: reproduction with green cuttings
Such material takes root much easier. For propagation by cuttings, use annual growths when the bark becomes elastic on them, but not yet woody. For example, Barberis Thunberg's reproduction of cuttings is excellent and has a high level of survival.
Experts recommend using the middle part withshoot (diameter about 5 mm). The length of the cut should be from 7 to 10 cm, consider the number of internodes, there should be two or three. Make the upper cut straight, and the bottom at an angle of 45 degrees. It is also recommended to remove the lower pair of leaves from the cuttings, and cut the top ones by half or one third. According to this method, barberry propagates by cuttings in summer (at its beginning).
The substrate with the contentsand and peat in a ratio of 1: 3. Plant the cuttings obliquely, leaving one interstice on the surface. For successful rooting, a temperature of 20-25 ° C and a high humidity of 85-90% are required. If you choose hard-to-root barberry, propagation by cuttings is best done using growth regulators (auxins, IMC, IAA, etc.), as this increases the survival rate. These include the following types: coin, Canadian, whole-edge, etc.
Breed division multiplication
For these purposes, the best fitshrubs 3-5 years old. It is especially good to use specimens with loose crown and planted with a depth of 10 cm. The shrub is excavated early in the spring, before the sap flow begins. With the help of a pruner barberry are divided into 2 or 3 parts (including the root system). Further, each daughter bush is put on a permanent place. This method is applicable only to those plants in which shoots branch below the soil level.
Reproduction by layers
The method is extremely simple and very effective. In the early spring, as soon as the soil dries, select an annual shoot in the bush. Next to it, dig a small groove to a depth of about 15-20 cm. Then tilt the branch, gently lay it there and secure it with a metal or wooden stud, fill it with earth. Above the surface of the soil should remain only the tip of the branch. By autumn, the shoot forms its root system, and it can be easily separated from the mother plant. Using this method, you can get any barberry. Reproduction by cuttings does not always give a positive result, but everything is simple and easy.
Growing barberry from seeds
For these purposes, you can use not onlypurchased material, but also own manufacture. To do this, collect the mature berries of barberry and clean them from the pulp with a sieve, thoroughly rinse and dry in natural conditions. The sowing is best carried out during the winter, it is possible in the box or directly into the ground, the depth of the closure is 1 cm. If breeding is in the spring, stratification is necessary for 2-4 months at a temperature of 2 to 5 ° C above zero. As soon as the seedlings have a couple of real leaves, they need to be weeded out, leaving a distance of at least 3-5 cm. They take the barberry to a permanent place at the age of two.
If you want, as they say, catch tworabbits, namely to get a harvest of berries and decorate your site, then safely choose barberry. Reproduction by cuttings, bush or seeds does not cause difficulties, and the shrub itself is unpretentious and very resistant to heat, frost and even high gassing of city air.