Ogorodniki increasingly use fertilizers, becauseplants absorb valuable substances from the fertile layer. The output in the absence of humus is the use of siderates. Mustard white as a fertilizer is an excellent siderat that fills the soil with humus and organic and suppresses the spread of weeds. Essential oils prevent the accumulation of pests, fungal infections.
Mustard refers to annual plantsfamily Cruciferae. This culture quickly sprouts and builds up a large mass in a short period of time. The green mass accumulates nitrogen (0.71%), phosphorus (0.92%), potassium (0.43%) and organic substances (22%). Plant flowers attract useful insects.
Mustard white as fertilizer can be usedtogether with legumes. In this case, the nitrogen content will be much higher. This culture absorbs hardly soluble nutrients and translates them into readily available forms.
Its root system in the form of a rod penetrates into the soil to a depth of three meters. The plant protects the soil from wind and water erosion in the autumn, in the spring, if not chop, then in winter.
Mustard white as a fertilizer is good because, after being embedded in the soil, it quickly decomposes, since it has the optimum ratio of nitrogen, carbon and coarse fiber.
Features of growth
The plant requires nutrient, cultivated, bound soils. It grows well on sod-podzolic, sandy, peaty soils. Clayey, sour soils, solonchaks do not fit.
This culture is moisture-loving and light-loving,especially during the period of emergence and budding. Grass mustard as a fertilizer is valued for its cold resistance. Seeds can rise at a temperature of plus one degree, the vegetation can pass at a temperature of plus three degrees, and shoots easily tolerate freezing to minus five degrees. You can sow seeds in autumn or spring. It is recommended to plant mustard after harvesting so that the soil does not dry up, after sowing, harrowing with rakes is carried out.
Mustard white as a fertilizer is used inthe following ratio - 200 g of seeds per 1 weave. The distance from one row to another is 15 cm. Shoots are visible on the 4th day after sowing. After a month and a half, the grass grows to a height of 20 cm. It is mowed or cut with a flat-cutter and spilled with a solution of EM preparations that accelerate the fermentation processes and create good conditions for soil enrichment with microelements and nutrients.
Scheme of crop rotation
Mustard as a fertilizer for the garden requiresobservance of some important points. It can not be planted where cabbage or its relatives grow or grow. This is due to the fact that they have the same pests (cruciferous flea) and disease (cabbage kyla).
If the crop rotation is carried out correctly, the rootsmustards prevent the development of pathogenic bacteria in the ground. The plant suppresses the scab, late blight, fusariosis, clears the soil from root rot. Optimal sowing - after potatoes and cereals. It is necessary to seal up in the ground at the beginning of flowering. Otherwise, you can get a lot of arbitrarily sown herbs, which will become a weed on the site.
Mustard white is a green fertilizer thataffordable. It heals the soil, protects against pests, diseases, leaching of nutrients. Resistance to colds and rapid shoots make this plant particularly valuable for truck farmers.