Surely everyone knows what a cough is withdifficult sputum, which occurs in viral infections, influenza, bronchitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis and laryngitis of acute nature. To get rid of this condition, experts recommend taking mucolytic drugs. They contribute to a rapid sputum discharge, significantly improving the patient's condition.
What expectorant drugs do you know? There are a lot of such drugs in pharmacies. However, out of all the abundance, it is difficult for patients to choose the most effective and inexpensive drug. In this regard, we recommend that you contact an experienced doctor.
Most often for the treatment of such a disease doctorsprescribe patients a drug "Tussin". Instructions for use for children and adult patients will be discussed below. Also, information will be provided on the form in which this product is manufactured, whether it can be administered to pregnant women, what is included in its composition, and whether it has side effects.
Form of release, description, composition and packaging of medicinal product
The drug "Tussin", instructions for usewhich is contained in a package of cardboard, is made in the form of a syrup. This drug is a dark red liquid with a pleasant cherry flavor.
The main active ingredient of thisthe remedy advocates guaifenesin. Also in the composition of the medicine are the auxiliary elements, which are presented in the form of corn syrup, sodium saccharin, caramel, citric acid, menthol, cherry flavor, sodium benzoate, propylene glycol, glycerol, red enchanting dye and purified water.
The medicine "Tussin" goes on sale in plastic bottles of 118 ml. In addition to the medication and instructions, a dispensing cup is contained in the cardboard packs.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
Do you know what constitutessyrup "Tussin"? The instruction indicates that it is an expectorant and mucolytic agent. Its use in the recommended dosages helps reduce the viscosity of phlegm, as well as facilitate its removal.
It should also be noted that this tool helps transform unproductive cough into a productive cough.
The duration of action for a single take of medicine is 3.5-4 hours.
Kinetic parameters of the medicinal product
Is the mucolytic drug "Tussin" absorbed(syrup)? Instruction for use reports that the absorption of this agent from the digestive tract is carried out rather quickly (approximately a half-hour after ingestion).
The half-life of the medicament is 60 minutes. It penetrates only into those tissues that contain in their structure acidic mucopolysaccharides.
The drug is metabolized in the liver. It is excreted through the lungs (along with phlegm), as well as kidneys in the form of inactive metabolites.
Indications for use of medicine
For what purpose do patients prescribe such a drug,how is Tussin? Instructions for use indicate that this remedy effectively cures a cough with a difficult sputum discharge that occurs with inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract (upper sections).
Thus, the drug in question is very often used as an additional drug in complex therapy when:
- acute viral infections;
- acute pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis and tracheitis.
Contraindications to the use of syrup
Does contra-indication have such a mucolytic drug as "Tussin"? The cough syrup, the instruction of which will be described in detail below, is forbidden to be prescribed if the patient has:
- peptic ulcer of the duodenum and stomach, especially in the stage of exacerbation;
- gastric haemorrhage in the anamnesis;
- increased hypersensitivity to drug substances.
It should also be noted that cough mixture should not be given to children under two years of age.
With caution this medication is recommended for taking during breastfeeding and at the age of 12 years.
"Tussin" preparation: instructions for use
In pregnancy, this drug is prescribed with extreme caution.
Specialists recommend taking the medicine in question no more than 4-6 times a day. Medication should be consumed only after a meal.
In what dose do you give Tussin a medicine? Instruction for use reports that a single dose of this drug for children 2-6 years old - 0,5-1 dessert spoon with an interval of 6-8 hours (that is, 50-100 mg).
Children aged 6-12 years, the medication prescribed in the amount of 1-2 teaspoons (that is, 100-200 mg) four times a day.
As for adolescents from 12 years old, as well as adult patients, they are recommended to take a mixture of 2-4 dessert spoons (that is, 200-400 mg) four times a day.
If you follow these dosages, the therapeutic effect of the drug will not take long.
What side effects does the Tussin drug cause? Instructions for use argue that in some cases, the use of this medication contributes to the emergence of unwanted symptoms:
- from the digestive tract: vomiting, diarrhea, nausea and abdominal pain;
- allergic manifestations: urticaria and rash on the skin;
- from the NA: headaches, dizziness and drowsiness.
An overdose of a drug
Taking high doses of a mucolytic drug mayit is quite easy to induce vomiting and nausea. With such symptoms, it is recommended to carry out an exercise to replenish fluid in the body, and regularly monitor the level of electrolytes.
Compatibility with other means
The drug in question is compatible withantimicrobial agents, bronchodilators and cardiac glycosides. However, this medication is not prescribed together with medications that suppress the cough center (including Codeine), since this can significantly complicate the loss of diluted sputum.
When taking Tussin medicine, the patient's urine canto be painted in pink color. It should also be noted that guaifenesin and its metabolites cause a discoloration when vanillmindalic acid is detected in the urine. In addition, this substance falsely overestimates the test results, which are designed to determine the amount of catecholamines.
A similar remedy
What is the difference between Tussin and Tussin Plus? Instructions for use say that the last medicine, in addition to guaifenesin, contains an active substance such as dextromethorphan hydrobromide. It is able to suppress the amplified afferent impulses from the mucosa of the respiratory tract, increase the cough threshold, and also reduce the frequency of dry cough.
Despite the fact that this element is similar in strength to "Codeine", it does not have analgesic properties, does not inhibit the respiratory center and the activity of the ciliary epithelium.
Unlike the drug we are considering, "Tussin Plus" is assigned to children only after reaching the age of six. Otherwise, the contra-indications of this remedy are analogous to Tussin.
In what dose is Tussin Plus prescribed? Instruction for use reports that such a syrup is consumed only after eating. The required dosage is measured with a measuring cup or a dessert spoon.
Babies at the age of 6-12 years old give one small spoon every 4 hours. Adult patients and adolescent children (from 12 years of age) said dose is doubled.
As for side effects, this drug is the same as that of Tussin.
If the drug is intolerant, it can be replaced by one of the following medicines: "Glikodin", "Tedein", "Kodarin", "Kodopsin", "Codeater".
Price of the preparation
The cost of a mucolytic drug, like Tussin, is about 180 rubles. As for its strengthened form, its price can be a little higher (about 200 rubles).
Feedback from consumers about the drug
Cough with difficulty in sputum periodically disturbs many people, including small patients. Therefore, the drug "Tussin" is very popular.
Its main advantages are accessibilityand a relatively low cost. Also, many patients report that this remedy is very effective in treating a wet cough. Already after several doses of the drug, sputum begins to come out of the bronchi, significantly easing the patient's condition and speeding up the recovery process.
Positive reviews of patients can be found andabout the syrup "Tussin Plus". Many people say that such an improved form of the drug works much faster. But, unfortunately, it can not be given to children who have not reached the age of six.
As for negative messages, more oftenall patients complain about the occurrence of side effects. Among them, nausea, dizziness, vomiting and headaches are especially prominent. Allergic reactions are also very common.