Any careless move or imprudentstep can lead to injury. The most frequently affected parts of the human body are limbs: arms and legs. It is on them that we lay most of the physical exertion. But the slightest miscalculation and excessive excessive stress can lead to trouble. Most often, such injuries affect athletes or people who are exposed to excessive physical stress associated with heavy physical labor. Children often get stretched ligament hand or foot because of their excessive activity, and the elderly can be traumatized by the violation of the function of the vestibular apparatus and a possible fall.
Why is this happening
Our hands are made up of many bones,connected with each other with the help of joints. Bundles of hands connect the joints to each other and provide normal functionality. Such connective tissue is strong enough, but its abilities have their limits. In the case of a sharp strain, the ligaments take on the maximum effect. Due to the lack of ability to stretch lightning fast, they deform, resulting in microfractures of tissues - stretching. The stretching of the ligaments of the hand can have several degrees of severity. Ligaments can undergo a complete or partial rupture, they can detach from the bone in the places of their attachment.
Getting a stretch is very simple, enoughmake a sharp uncomfortable move or just fall. The symptoms of all the injuries of the upper and lower extremities are similar, therefore it is extremely important to have a correct diagnosis. After all, along with stretching, you can get a dislocation or even a fracture. Often, trauma occurs lightning fast, and it is difficult to foresee in advance.
How to avoid such injuries
Often stretching the ligaments of the hand occursby negligence. Therefore, the main thing is to properly distribute loads and be careful, try to avoid falls, do not hold your hand in an unnatural position for a long time. Physical training plays an important role in opposing such traumas. The more elastic and cohesive the connective tissue of the ligaments, the better and faster it is able to stretch. However, one should not assume that sports can completely protect you from such injuries. It is the athletes who most often get stretched ligament hand or forearm just because they exceed the load on your body. According to statistics, every person in his life at least once, but faced with a similar problem.
Degrees of severity of injury
Depending on the complexity of the injury,treatment. The stretching of the ligament brushes is divided into three types of complexity. But each case can have purely individual manifestations for each person. Whichever was a difficult injury, you should seek help from specialists. Cases where the usual sprain of ligaments entails a number of other problems are not uncommon.
It is characterized by microfractures of tendon fibers. Is mild to moderate pain. It does not interfere with the mobility of the wrist, there is no swelling at the site of the injury. A person who has received such an injury, can move his hand and bend his wrist, although the pain can be somewhat amplified when moving.
Characterized by a small rupture of the tendon. There is a lot of pain. At the site of the injury there is a hemorrhage, there is swelling. Moving a hand with such a damage is almost impossible because of strong pain.
The most severe and painful sprainbrushes. Symptoms: sharp and very severe pain, the formation of a hematoma in the area of injury, swelling. This is the case when the tendon comes off completely, the person can not move the hand. At a palpation there is a sensation of a liquid collected under a skin (fluctuations). Often such damage occurs when the extremity is dislocated or fractured. The joint at the site of the lesion can become unstable, which means that after recovery such injuries in this place can occur regularly.
The very first and characteristic feature is a strongsharp pain in the site of stretching. After some time, a swelling is formed. It becomes difficult, and sometimes almost impossible, to bend and unbend fingers, it is problematic to move your wrist with your wrist. In the case of a severe degree, the hand is losing its functionality. The pain can be so strong that a person begins to feel dizzy, cases of fainting are common, it is possible to raise the temperature of the body. Because of the squeezing and damage to the nerve endings in the cyst of the hand, numbness can occur. You do not need to be a qualified doctor to understand that the sprain has stretched.
What to do
Even if the tension is slight,immediately stop the burden on the hand. Sometimes it happens that a person, having received such an injury, continues to perform work, and this only worsens the situation in the future. The injured brush should provide complete peace. Try to lock your hand in position above the chest level of the victim - this is a necessary measure to avoid the appearance of a strong puffiness.
Fix the hand in a fixed position and apply a tight bandage. If the tension is extremely strong, a tire overlap will be required as in the fracture.
Put cold on the affected area. It can be anything: ice, a bottle of cold water or even frozen meat from the refrigerator, if at hand there is nothing suitable.
If a person experiences extreme pain, you should take an anesthetic.
Any, even insignificant movement ortouch can be painful. Therefore, the affected brush is better to fix. Use a scarf or handkerchief. Tie it in the form of a hanging loop around your neck and put a damaged "hammock" in the wrist. You should seek help from a doctor, especially if a severe stretching of the ligaments of the hand occurs. The photo below shows how to fix the hand correctly.
What to do and how to treat the stretching of the ligament brushes? If the injury is mild or moderate, then the treatment is carried out at home. Fortunately, our body is capable of restoring some tissue damage itself, without outside interference. It is only necessary to ensure complete rest to the hand, and in time the body will begin to regenerate - to coalesce torn tendons. The zone of damage is bandaged with an elastic bandage. In the first day after the injury, cold compresses should be applied to this place. After - carry out physiotherapy procedures. The following methods are very helpful in restoring: electrophoresis, UHF and magnetotherapy. As soon as the swelling subsides, and the pain decreases, you should begin the gymnastics.
If a slight stretching of the ligaments of the hand was obtainedhands, the symptoms can gradually disappear after a couple of days. The same treatment will take one or two weeks. With an average degree of injury, rehabilitation can take up to 20 days. With a complete rupture of ligaments, treatment can be delayed for several months and require serious medical intervention.
Treatment in hospital
If after a few days you noticeddeterioration, will have to go to the hospital. Inpatient treatment in need of people who have a severe degree of sprain, but there are exceptions in the form of complications.
In the event that the damage occurredSerious - not only ligaments are torn, but also neighboring tissues, - a doctor may be prescribed surgical intervention. In this case, the broken nerve endings and ligaments are sewn together, so the healing process is accelerated. Today, most operations are conducted in a sparing mode, which allows to minimize all the negative consequences.
If there was a severe stretching of the ligamenthands, treatment is appointed by the doctor after anamnesis and X-ray. It will be necessary to exclude the possibility of a fracture in this place. After the main treatment, physiotherapy will be administered with the use of ointments and concomitant drugs aimed at accelerating the recovery processes. Rehabilitation will be comprehensively aimed at preventing the development of scar tissue at the site of the rupture, because it can cause similar injuries in the future. Seriously injured hand should be protected from excessive loads.