The luteal phase - what is it? It is an integral part of the menstrual cycle, so to consider it you need to decide on common concepts. The menstrual cycle is a cyclical change that occurs in the body of a woman. Their biological meaning lies in supporting the ability to fertilize and give birth to children, that is, the menstrual cycle provides a reproductive function. It consists of several phases. The main ones are proliferative and luteal.
Normally, the luteal phase usually lasts for 2weeks (that is, the average duration of the luteal phase is 2 weeks), but this depends on the total duration of the menstrual cycle. In this phase, there are certain secretory changes in the endometrium (the inner layer of the uterus). They should ensure a normal process of implantation of the fetal egg if fertilization has occurred. If it did not happen, then outwardly it manifests itself in menstruation. It is connected with the fact that the yellow body stops functioning. It is a temporary gland of internal secretion, which determines the processes occurring in the genital organs.
However, sometimes certainviolations. They lead to the lengthening or shortening of the luteal phase. What does it mean? As a result, the current changes cause certain violations in the reproductive system of women. One of the most frequent conditions in endocrine gynecology is the inadequacy of the luteal phase. This means that the luteal phase is inferior, it can not maintain normal secretory changes in the endometrium. Therefore, fertilization does not occur, miscarriage develops or an undeveloped pregnancy, the threat of termination of pregnancy.
The luteal phase - what is this, if there is oneinsufficiency, and how is it diagnosed? Symptom of this pathological condition is a shortening or lengthening of the menstrual cycle, a low basal temperature. At laboratory diagnostics the lowered level of a progesterone is revealed. As a rule, insufficiency of the luteal phase is a symptom of various diseases, which include a whole complex of background causes. However, most often these are various neuroendocrine syndromes. Accurate identification of the cause will lead to targeted treatment, which will be highly effective. Otherwise, the symptoms will appear again and again.
Thus, the luteal phase (what is it)is the subject of consideration of endocrine gynecology. This is a specialized branch of medicine. What violations can occur, as well as how the luteal phase proceeds, its norm is what these questions are, to which the separate branch of the science of female diseases should answer. Therefore, the gynecologist-endocrinologist should be engaged in this issue, and there should be no place for any self-treatment, as it leads to a significant aggravation of the existing pathological processes. As a rule, the treatment is based on optimally selected hormonal therapy. It allows you to correct the existing violations, which served as a background for the development of this state.