Almost all have heard of appendicitis. One can remember the agonizing minutes and unbearable pain that makes you want to escape ... Others are encouraged by stories about the grandfather, who lived his century and did not know the health problems.
So far, modern scientists have not completelyfound out for what purpose the tree-like process is located, located on the cecum. Some claim that it is considered to be an integral part of the immune system, while others suggest that it performs some unidentified function. But all specialists are similar in one - a man with appendicitis, does not differ from a person with a remote process.
Causes of inflammation of appendicitis
To date, there are three causes that cause inflammation of appendicitis.
- Infections that can independently trigger an inflammatory process - typhoid, tuberculosis, amoebiasis.
- The mechanical cause of occlusionluminal appendages. It can cause fecal stones, swelling, parasite or foreign body. Blockage leads to the accumulation of mucus and the development of microorganisms that cause inflammation of the mucosa of the appendage.
- The vascular cause of inflammation of appendicitis is in systemic vasculitis.
Symptoms of inflammation of appendicitis
Let's look at the main signs of appendicitis
The main cause of the beginning of appendicitisis a sharp pain in the abdomen. It arises quite suddenly against the background of an absolutely healthy organism. Initially, the pain is localized in the right abdominal area, then takes on a comprehensive character.
Attacks of nausea or vomiting are important symptoms of appendicitis. With toxic forms, diarrhea is revealed in patients. Body temperature can be either normal or elevated.
The doctor during palpation may notice that inthe area of the focus of inflammation is observed tension and tenderness of the abdomen. With the rapid withdrawal of the finger from the inflamed area, the pain increases. These symptoms of appendicitis are observed only with the development of acute inflammation. A blood test can also indicate the development of the disease.
Ingoda, there are symptoms of appendicitis,causing limited pain in the right side of the abdomen. When palpation muscles are not strained, the patient does not have a fever. This phenomenon can trigger a nervous spasm.
With the development of purulent appendicitis, the symptoms listed above are present. However, the temperature assumes an intermittent nature. A blood test shows an increasing number of white blood cells.
In catarrhal form, the symptoms of appendicitis may disappear after 2 -3 days. Pain in the abdomen completely passes, and body temperature is normalized.
In addition to these forms, there ischronic appendicitis. This is a rather rare phenomenon, diagnosed only by a specialist. It manifests a blurred but periodic pain in the right side of the abdomen.
It is worth noting that the symptoms of appendicitis in adults and children are absolutely similar.
Than to help the patient?
In anticipation of an ambulance, put the patient inmake a hot water bottle with cold water. Do not give the patient neither food nor water and refrain from painkillers. If you decide to take an anesthetic medicine, remember that not even the most experienced doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis.
Undoubtedly, when you confirm yourassumptions, surgery to remove appendicitis can not be avoided. In fact, appendectomy is a simple operation, even for a graduate of a medical school. Therefore, drop your experiences and trust the doctor.
How to prevent inflammation of appendicitis? No way. But, try to monitor the state of the intestines, avoid constipation and you thereby reduce the risk of the disease.