Each country has its own national symbolism,which is a sign of difference and tells something about it. These are flags, hymns, colors, seals, emblems, emblems, slogans and much more. In this article we will talk about England, or rather about its flag, which in its own way is unique and noteworthy.
The Union of Three
The fact is that the UK includesthree historical areas of the United Kingdom: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Each of them has its own flag, the elements of which are "stacked" in the general banner of Great Britain, which symbolizes their unification.
The history of the flag of England begins in 1603. It was then that Jacob, King of Scotland, received the English throne at his disposal. Despite the fact that both of these states remained independent, an alliance was concluded between them. And in 1606 a new symbol of this association was approved: the Scottish banner was imposed on the flag of England.
Originally it was used only for militaryand merchant marine vessels. But since 1707, when both kingdoms united in one - the Kingdom of Great Britain, this flag became a symbol of the new state. Then, many years later, in 1801, Ireland became part of England. Then a new flag was created, in which the symbol of the Irish was added. It is in this form that it exists today.
Flag of England
The main component of the British flag isstraight red cross on a white background. It is called the "Cross of St. George" (St. George). He is considered the patron of the English since the Middle Ages. According to legend, in the troubled years of the Crusades, where the legionaries of England were particularly distinguished by courage, St. George became their guardian and custodian of the banks of the Foggy Albion.
By the way, much later St. George the Victorious was recognized as the patron of the Russian people.
Flags of Scotland and Ireland
The Scottish banner shows a whitediagonal cross on a blue background. It is the symbol of Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. In Russia, this cross is called "Andreevsky", and it represents St. Andrew the First-Called, the defender of all Christians. This banner was mainly used on English sea vessels.
An interesting detail: the flag of the United Kingdom contains the symbolism of historical regions, but it lacks the emblem of Wales (Welsh dragon). On this issue, disputes are still being held, but they have not yet reached an acceptable option for all. Although some consider this to be discrimination, the English flag remains traditional and unchanged from 1801, when it was approved.