Very often people ask themselves: is dual citizenship in Russia permitted? In this article we will try to explain the concept of "dual citizenship", and also how it differs from the second citizenship, we will reveal its essence and the difference of the above-mentioned concepts.
So, according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation,a Russian citizen may have a foreign citizenship (that is, dual citizenship) under the conditions prescribed in the federal law or international treaty of Russia. The main law of the country also states that, despite the presence of the citizenship of a foreign country, a Russian citizen does not lose his rights and freedoms and is not exempt from the obligations arising from Russian citizenship. There are, of course, special cases, which are also prescribed in the law.
The notion of "dual citizenship" in Russia is a private onecase of multiple citizenship. In the system of international law, "dual citizenship" is defined as the presence of a person at the same time with the citizenship of several states. To date, Russia has legalized this issue with Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, but as for the rest of the world, everything is a little more complicated here. The thing is that even despite the permission to have a second citizenship and a passport, holders of several citizenships are not perceived by the Russian authorities in the territory of the country as dual citizens. To describe this state of affairs in jurisprudence introduced the concept of "legal vacuum".
As examples, let us again take Turkmenistan andTajikistan. Russia, whose dual citizenship is experiencing a peculiar crisis, has signed agreements with these countries, according to which each of the Parties must recognize for citizens the right to acquire the citizenship of another country without losing the citizenship of the first.
With regard to rights, duties, socialprovision of people with dual citizenship, as well as their military service, the signed agreements determine that these issues are in the competence of the country in whose territory such a "double" citizen resides. At the same time, people who have served in one of the countries are exempt from conscription in another country. "Double" citizens are also under the protection and protection of both countries, and the presence of two passports makes it much easier to move from one state to another.
Dual citizenship in Russia goes veryIt is difficult, and on the way to it, as a rule, there are a number of restrictions. Thus, one of the conditions for acquiring citizenship in such countries as, for example, Germany, Denmark and Slovakia, is the renunciation of former citizenship. Other restrictions - the termination of one citizenship as a result of receiving another, or failure to grant citizenship by birth in cases where the child acquires at birth the citizenship of some other country.
Why is there a "legal vacuum" in relation to such an important issue as dual citizenship in Russia? The answer is very simple.
Each country is interested in payerstaxes, as well as in citizens who will serve in the army. That is why many countries do not encourage dual citizenship. However, it is also impossible to ban it completely, because in some cases there will be objective circumstances that contribute to the emergence of such "double" citizens. Such circumstances include migration. One can not argue that people go to live where it is easier and more profitable, and many countries create special programs to attract highly skilled labor from abroad.
It can be concluded that the source of doublecitizenship lies in the internal laws of each country. Dual citizenship in Russia arises only in cases where the law no longer has items that prevent the emergence. Whatever it was, and wealthy citizens can afford the registration of a second passport on legal grounds and live peacefully with two citizenships.