Empirical experience is a concept thatis peculiar not only for psychology, but also for other spheres of life. In this article you will find out what it is, and most importantly - why this phrase is not the most correct one. If you are wondering what is an empirical experience, an empirical method and so on, then this article is for you.
What does "empirical" mean?
It begins with the fact that the empirical experience isa sort of tautology that is sometimes allowed to be used. The fact is that "empirical" means "knowable by experience". Accordingly, it will be more correct to use the phrase "empirical method," rather than "empirical experience." However, this does not change the essence - if we are talking about something empirical, it means that something is learned by experience, and not through the study of other people's conclusions, for example, by reading books, encyclopedias, viewing training programs and so on.
Learning through experience
The empirical method is a method of teaching, withwhich information comes exclusively through an independent, direct study of the subject of interest. Simply put, the essence of this method is to try to do something yourself, often using the expression "trial and error." Most often this method does not involve participation in the process of any teacher or mentor, that is, a person should study the subject interesting to him, his object of interest and so on.
However, in some cases it is useful whenanother person is involved in the process, which can help you analyze the experience gained empirically. If training in accordance with this method is properly aligned and planned, then it can give incredible results. However, there is also a second side of the coin - if you organize training incorrectly through experience, you can make frequent mistakes that will discourage you from further study. Accordingly, this method is not as simple as many people imagine.
If we talk about the empirical method, we can notnot to mention empirical knowledge. It is a term that is used to describe rational knowledge of the lower level, that is, what a person has tried out on his own experience, but has not yet been able to analyze. It is with empirical knowledge that the construction of human cognition begins. First he learns something through experience, and then begins to analyze, rationalize, invent ways of using and so on. However, it is empirical knowledge that is the lowest level from which everything begins.
Use in Psychology
Naturally, do not forget that alsodescribes the empirical experience in psychology. Within the framework of this science, empiricism as such is characterized by posing the question that the value of human cognition is closely dependent on the experience from which concrete knowledge has taken place. It is believed that the data obtained through the empirical method are reliable, because the source is the direct experience. However, one should not think that it is necessary to confine ourselves exclusively to the empirical method of cognition - other approaches are also very important and play a role in the formation of a full-fledged human cognition.
Strictly speaking, it is in psychologyEmpirical knowledge is opposed to the theoretical, the essence of which is to obtain information not through experience, but through literature, stories, audio and video recordings, as well as all sorts of other sources from which you can get ready-made information that does not require study by experience, done by someone earlier.