Categories of posts of the state civilservices determine the basis for the establishment of legislative, judicial and executive authorities. And both at the regional and federal level. The responsibilities for the financing and maintenance of public civil servants lie on the budget.
The situation in modern Russia
The categories of civil service positions are currently defined by relevant laws and regulations.
They provide the work of federal and regional authorities, as well as officials holding high government posts.
That is, the categories of state postscivil service exist in the administration of the head of state, the federal government, federal authorities (these include ministries, agencies, services, including their representation in the regions). Also here are the executive bodies of power on the ground - these are the administrations of the Russian regions and the ministries subordinate to them.
Categories of posts of the state civil service are defined by the Constitution and federal laws.
In addition, there is an additionalregulatory and legal framework, which details all aspects of the civil service in detail. It also includes decrees of the head of state, decisions of the federal government, and legal acts adopted by regional authorities.
Number of civil servants
For today in Russia a considerable quantity of employees. They are more than 750 thousand people. At the same time, only about 40,000 specialists work in the central apparatus located in the capital.
At the moment, the number of state civil servants exceeds one percent of the country's able-bodied population. This is a very high indicator compared to other countries.
At the same time about one thousand people economically active people account for about 33 officials.
Categories and groups of civil service positions in the civil service
Positions of the state civil serviceare divided into categories and groups. In doing so, they have a clear structure. Their exclusive feature is that, unlike commercial structures, in any direction of activity the categories of posts of the state civil service are equally named. Examples are obvious. The lead consultant will work both in the department for managing the affairs of the president, and in the infrastructure department of the regional ministry.
At the moment, there are four categories of positions of the state civil service of the Russian Federation. Each of them is divided into several groups.
The categories of civil service positions in descending order begin with managers. This category consists of two groups - the highest and the main.
To the higher group of leaders areFirst Deputy Federal Minister, Deputy Federal Minister, Deputy Head of the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation for a specific federal district, deputy federal ministers or directors of federal agencies, heads or chiefs of the service of federal ministries, heads of apparatus of federal ministers, heads or directors of departments, deputy heads or chiefs of services federal ministries, deputy heads of the apparatus of federal ministers, chiefs lniki main departments, deputy directors of departments, deputy heads of departments or directors, the first Deputy Chief and Deputy Chief.
The main group includes the heads of departments, deputy heads of departments, department heads and deputy heads of departments.
In the category of government postscivil service on the hierarchy following are assistants or advisers. These posts are established to assist the heads of state or territorial authorities.
All of them belong only to one group - the highest one. It includes assistants and advisers to federal ministers.
The next category is specialists. The specialists in the category of civil service positions consist of three groups. The main, leading and senior. This is the most massive category of civil servants. Their functions include the professional provision of the performance of their functions by state authorities.
The main group includes the heads of departments indepartments, department heads in the services of the federal ministry, heads of departments in the main departments, department heads in departments and referents.
The leading group consists of deputy chiefsdepartments in departments, deputy heads of departments in the service of federal ministries, deputy chiefs of departments in chief departments, deputy chiefs of departments in departments, assistants to the head or chief of the services of federal ministries, advisers to the head or chief of the services of federal ministries, leading advisers, advisers, leading consultants and consultants .
The senior group consists of the main experts, experts, leading experts and experts.
The lowest category of posts in the statecivil service - providing specialists. These posts are formed to provide information, documentary, financial, economic and economic work of a separate state body. They are divided into three groups.
The first (leading) includes the leading specialists of the second level. In the senior - the senior specialists of the first, second and third categories. In the younger - specialists of the first and second categories.
This division exists both at the federal level,and at the regional level. With no exceptions. So, the categories of positions of the state civil service of the city of Moscow do not differ from the categories in the Penza region or Khabarovsk territory.
In accordance with the position heldthe state civil servant is assigned a certain class rank. He exactly relates to the group in which he works. This is done on the basis of the results of the qualification exam. Each post may correspond to a specific rank in military service.
It should be noted that the class rankremains for the employee holding this post until the end of his life. And all the time that he remains an active worker, he is entitled to a corresponding increase in salary, approved by a decree of the head of state.
There are exceptions when the exam is notcertainly. Thus, a class rank can be assigned in the event that the head from the highest group of posts, assistant or adviser, is personally appointed by the head of state.
How to enter the civil service?
In order to be in the civil service infederal or regional agency, it is necessary to be a citizen of Russia who has reached the age of 18, fluent in the state language and meets all the requirements for employees of similar qualifications.
In most cases, a competition is held to replace an employee from any category or group. It consists of two stages.
On the first, the beginning of the receipt of documents is announced. This is done in a popular print edition, as well as on the official website of the public authority, which requires specialist. All candidates for this position must provide a required list of documents and references to the personnel department at a predetermined time.
In the next round of selection, the competitive commissionassesses the nominations. First of all, the documents submitted confirming the candidate's education, work experience in the civil service, and other work activities are evaluated. Also among the competitive procedures can be used interviews, questionnaires, testing or writing an essay.
After the end of the competition, the members of the commission votefor all candidates. The winner is the one who attains the maximum of votes. In case of refusal to be appointed to the post, the candidate can be enrolled in the personnel reserve and return to his resume when the corresponding vacancy is vacated.
This service attracts not only the prestige of the work, but also a sufficiently high salary. In federal ministries and departments, it averages about 100 thousand rubles.
The maximum average income is observed among the staff of the presidential administration. It exceeds 220 thousand rubles. In the government apparatus, the salary almost reaches the mark of 200 thousand rubles.
At the same time, in most federal ministries, agencies and services, the average level of wages earned is about 60,000 rubles.
In addition to salary, employees rely on all sorts ofallowances. With the receipt of a certain length of service for long service, as well as for special conditions, for working with information containing state secrets, as well as bonuses.