Knightly orders first arose in the medievalEurope during the Crusades. But their activity was not confined to war alone, for a knight is not only a war, but also a person of high spirituality and moral qualities. To be a knight was to honor the "Knight's Code of Honor" (a kind of life credo that includes a set of unspoken rules of conduct, both in society and in war). But let's talk about what the knightly orders were like.

Templars

knightly orders

The first and most popular knightly order,which arose during the time of the Crusades from those soldiers who participated in the seizure of the "holy land" of Jerusalem. They were called - the Order of the Jerusalem Knights of the Cross, which indicated a clear membership of the spiritual and religious basis of Christianity of the time. The banner of the organization was a red cross on a white background and a banner, often taken out on a huge chariot - a golden Catholic cross, considered a symbol of the strength of faith and encouraging ordinary soldiers to military feats. Unfortunately, a couple of centuries later this order disintegrated and was destroyed. On Friday the 13th of the year 1307, on the orders of the Pope, all the Templars were accused of heresy, worship of Baphomet and, consequently, arrested and killed. This happened because the Templars, developing and increasing their power, turned from a spiritual organization into a very powerful economic and political machine, which was unpleasant for the authorities or religious leaders. Of course, most of the accusations were simply falsified, but on the spiritual and knightly orders in general this did not have much influence.

Hospitallers

spiritually knightly orders

Knightly orders, as a rule, were born onHoly Land, exactly where Christians needed their help and support for their pilgrimages. One of such "auxiliary" formations was the order of the holy principality of Antioch, named after the busy city (not far from Jerusalem). Their distinctive feature was a white cross on a black background, consisted mainly of the order of the French and helped pilgrims. Knightly orders of this type, though not so powerful, but survived their brethren. For example, the same Hospitallers in our time - the Society of the Red Cross, which still provides feasible medical assistance in countries affected by these or other military conflicts. True, the religious basis has been somewhat distorted, and very few people know that, along with this organization, its branch, called the Order of the Red Crescent, works.

Knightly orders in world culture

knightly order
So why do we need knights and why do they"died out"? The fact is that the advent of knight warriors was a natural phenomenon at a time when the power of one man could be contrasted with the strength of many, thanks to experience, skill and skill. But in a century (with the appearance of gunpowder and even crossbows that penetrate armor and are "dishonest" weapons), the popularity of chivalry declined, and the representatives of the orders "retrained" into the military aristocratic elite of the Renaissance. But this is a completely different story!