The value system is something without which practicallyany culture loses its meaning. Let's try to decipher this definition and explain its importance. A value system is a person's needs, arranged in a hierarchical order. Something for the individual can be the main thing in his life, but something - less important, and even completely insignificant. Personality builds its existence in accordance with these values. These are not goals, but directions for movement and development.

It is worth noting that value is not a thing, butrather a personal attitude towards her. In the predominant majority of cases, objects are non-material. For example, it could be family, freedom, health, children, and so on. The value system has its own distinctive characteristics. Let's try to consider them all.

  1. Value benchmarks are very dynamic. They are constantly transformed. Throughout life, a person can significantly modify their value system. Here you can draw a general conclusion. Value benchmarks change under the influence of time and various circumstances. This applies not only to the individual, but to all of humanity. For example, the value system of people living in wartime is significantly different from the same system in a prosperous and prosperous society. Priority needs of a person can change very dramatically. For example, most people do not care about their health, but when serious problems occur, it becomes a primary value.
  2. The value system is actually always subjective. It is determined by the individual characteristics of each individual person. Values ​​can be passed on from generation to generation. For example, if for parents the priority area was work, in most cases their child will also rely on this landmark. Or you can pay attention to historical examples. Earlier, being a defender of the Fatherland was very prestigious. Children became receivers of their parents, choosing military service.
  3. The system of values ​​of a person can beformed under the ideological influence of the state. For example, in our era of capitalism, more and more people are choosing not spiritual, but material guidelines. The value system can be formed and in opposition to ideological policy of the government. For example, with a rigid totalitarian regime, some people begin to realize the true value of freedom and fight for it.
  4. The considered system is formed, more likely, athelp emotional, rather than rational approach. That is, it should be remembered that a person receives satisfaction and joy from the values ​​chosen by him. For example, for one individual, great happiness is the family, and for another, work. That is, a person gets the meaning of his existence and at the same time a great joy from life.

The value system can be not onlyindividual. In each country there are certain guidelines for further development. The system of values ​​of Russian culture has undergone significant changes many times. In the modern world, in the prevailing number of cases, the landmarks are directed, as it were, inside. That is, a person values ​​his individual freedom, health, children. While, for example, in the USSR landmarks were shifted outwards. That is, people cared about the general welfare of the state, about the successful development of the country.

It is worth mentioning that the Russian valuethe system was significantly influenced by Christianity. In former times, people often considered God's main value and religiosity, and still these traditions have a strong influence on modern man. However, at the moment, more tangible and tangible landmarks are more popular.