The forest flower is a broad-leaved snowdrop,narrow-leaved and Caucasian - this bulbous plant, which refers to early-blossoming perennial flowers. They come in different forms and differ from each other in the forms of leaves and flowers, in size, each of which looks like a tender business card of spring.
Snowdrops narrow-leaved is the smallestof all kinds of these flowers. Grow it can be in greenhouses, gardens and containers. He grows slowly, on it appear green thin leaves, and flowers in the form of bells are kept on thin stems.
An ideal place for growing is a garden, becausethere you can recreate the natural conditions for the flower. Snowdrop ukkolistny, the description of which is presented in this article, loves cold, humidity and penumbra.
The plants form a cluster of green thin leaves up to 30 centimeters high. But in each species they are distinct and differ from others.
The plant hanging flowers in the form of bells,each of which grows on a single thin stem. For example, on snow-white snowdrops there are 2-centimeter flowers. Snowdrop Caucasian is known for its long flowers, whose height reaches 25 centimeters.
These flowers prefer cold, wet, forestConditions in which the winter temperature is about -6 ° C. There are some species that grow in sunny dry regions, adapted to such conditions. Most of them start from alpine wet meadows.
It should contain humus or compost in itselfand peat, sand and loam. The soil must be loose, nutritious and drained. The snow-capped snow-white does not tolerate areas in which the liquid stagnates for a long time.
Feed the flowers in winter and autumn with fertilizer,soluble in water, to provide bulbs with the necessary mineral substances, because at this time there is an intensive development of the plant and its roots. Bulbs and without any fertilizing will sprout, only flowers in this case will be less beautiful and voluminous.
Snowdrop narrow-leaved: description, cultivation
Bulbs of snowdrops plant to a depth of 10 cm. They look best if planted together in a quantity of three units. Immediately after planting, they should be well watered, soaking the soil completely. The main number of onions in 1-2 weeks will start to start roots, but you will not notice sprouts above the soil surface until early spring.
Snowdrops narrow-leaved after germinationform attractive, compact groups. When growing in containers, use only quality, drained soil. To do this, almost any pot. Make sure that there are holes in it, since the bulbs in the flooded ground should not be located. Place the containers in partial shade.
The main enemies of the snowdrop are weeds,therefore, they must be regularly destroyed. They take the necessary nutrients from the flowers, in addition, they promote the multiplication of various pests.
Since the snow-leaved snowdrop is wildflower, without feeding it can do without, although with it the blossom will be more beautiful and more lasting. Plants must be fertilized in winter and autumn, using soluble nutrients, since during this period of time the plant is actively developing, as well as its root system.
It should be taken into account that nitrogen fertilizersundesirable in large quantities, because because of them very quickly increases the number of leaves. Due to this in the characteristic for early spring wet weather there is a probability of occurrence of a fungal disease. In this case, phosphorus fertilizers, which favorably influence the flowering of the plant, will be useful. Fertilizers containing potassium will have a positive effect on the health of the bulbs.
Reproduction of the snowdrop
It should be noted that the group of colors can be divided after the foliage begins to turn yellow. In this case, each group should contain about 5 bulbs.
Diseases and pests
The main enemy of the snowdrops, as already mentionedabove, are weeds that deprive plants of nutrients, water and light. Before planting a snow-leaved snowdrop, remove the weeds by hand or apply a herbicide. Another way to eliminate weeds and grass is to lay polyethylene for several months over the future growing place. You can also use the herbicide before planting, making sure that it does not have a negative effect on the flowers.
Mulch the plants with a seven-centimeter layer of straw, compost or crushed bark. Mulching contributes to the preservation of moisture, in addition, does not allow the development of various weeds.
Occasionally, diseases can be found in moldsraids of mushrooms. Such an infection can be detected on the surface of leaflets. For this mildew, honey dew is used as food to be fed by plant flax, with scales or flour mealybugs. This is not a serious problem, but this disease gives the plant an unhealthy appearance, as it covers its stems and leaves. To exclude the possibility of infection, it is necessary to avoid the appearance of the above insects. Moldy plaque is removed with a usual damp cloth.
Snowdrop, which is very popular, is used mainly for cutting and decorative purposes.
When the flowering period is over, snowdrops up toNext year it will be necessary to accumulate nutrients. Do not interfere with the process of photosynthesis, foliage should yellow and fade alone. Cutting green foliage will reduce the ability of the plant to actively blossom next year, due to which the flowers will decrease in number and in size. Also, it should be borne in mind that for domestic animals, the narrow-leaved snowdrop can be toxic. The Red Book includes it in the list of endangered plants. This is due to his active collection.