Who lives in Orenburg today? What indicators of statistics are characteristic for this city? From our article you will learn what number, increase and national composition the population of Orenburg has.
A little about the city
Orenburg is the main city of the Orenburg region. Located at the confluence of the Sakmara River in the Urals. It is a regional center. The city of Orenburg closely interacts with 11 localities.
The city received its name from the river Or, onwhose banks were built in 1735. It was important, as it was to open a trade route to Bukhara, and also serve as a protection against nomads.
After this, the city was transferred two more times, whilehe finally did not gain a foothold on the Sakmara River in 1743. Soon it became the center of the province. At the end of the XIX century, the population of Orenburg led a successful trade with the Central Asian countries. The city actively developed grain and leather industry, produced butter. A new impetus for the discovery of industrial enterprises was the discovery of oil and gas.
The population of Orenburg
The municipality is divided into the Northern andSouthern District, the total number of residents who leave 15.6 thousand people. The regional center itself occupies an area of about 260 square kilometers. The population of Orenburg is 562 569 people.
Rapid decline in the number of localpopulation was observed from 1998 to 2008. Since 2009, it began to increase and for this period has grown by approximately 30 000 people. The natural increase has a positive tendency. The number of births for the last year is 1200 people more than the number of people who died. According to this indicator, the city takes 44th place in Russia.
The number of women by 50 thousand exceeds the numbermen. According to the indicators of 2013, there were twice as many marriages as divorces. So, family ties consolidated about 4600 pairs, and divorced - only 2360. By national composition, the population of Orenburg is 80% Russian. Among the ethnic minorities, the Tatars are predominant - about 7.8%, representing more than 40 thousand people. More than 1% are Kazakhs, Ukrainians and Bashkirs. Armenians, Mordvins and other nationalities also live in the city.
Employment of the population of Orenburg
The able-bodied inhabitants make up 345,000 people. The number of citizens who have not reached the working age is about 97 thousand, the rest of the population reached the retirement age. According to data for 2014 in the city there were 101 schools, in which more than 56 thousand pupils were studying.
By the level of attractiveness of the urban environmentOrenburg is on the 101st place among other settlements of the country. It is a leading industrial city with a developed gas industry (mining and processing), light, chemical and food industries, engineering and metalworking. In 2016, the average monthly salary was 26.7 thousand rubles. In the city and the region the most demanded production specialties and positions in the trade sphere. There is also demand in the medical sphere, construction and top management.