Before the adoption of Christianity, the Slavs were pagans. This means that in their conception, man and nature were closely related. The world perceived them as a living and wise being, having its own soul and living according to certain laws. Such a sense of the surrounding world and contributed to the emergence of myths about the gods and spirits that govern the life of man.
Gods-patrons of the ancient Slavs
All Slavic pagan gods one way or anotheracted as patrons or some kind of activity, or a particular social group. Thus, Veles is considered the patron of animals and trade, Perun - princes and warriors, Svarog - fertility, the goddess Lada - the patroness of peace and harmony, Zhiva - youth and love, Makosh - fate and female needlework, etc. This is due to the fact that each deity was responsible for a certain natural phenomenon and sphere of human activity, and consequently could contribute to success or failure in it.
To strengthen the connection with their patron, the Slavs made amulets with the symbols of the deity and carved idols. And also sent prayers to the Slavic gods.
Gods of the sun of the Slavs
The Slavic sun god had four hypostases in accordance with the four seasons, as well as cycles of human life:
- the winter sun - Kolyada, a newborn child;
- spring sun - Bright, strong, full of life young man;
- the summer sun - Kupaila, a mature strong man;
- the autumn sun - Sventovit, the wise old man withering away.
In this understanding of the device of the annual cyclethe pagan idea of the infinity of the cycle of birth and death is embodied. So, the old man dies - Sventovit - before the Winter Solstice, and the next morning a new-born Kolyada appears.
Jarilo is the sun god
Slavic god Yarilo is considered the patron of peoplewith kind, clean, bright and heartfelt thoughts. He was approached for help in conceiving children. He also responded for fertility and was considered the embodiment of rage in the most sublime understanding.
Jarilo could be called Yarila, Yarovit and Ruevit.
What does Jarilo look like?
Ireno, the sun god, seemed youngan attractive young man. His hair was light or reddish, his eyes were light blue, clear, behind his broad, mighty shoulders was a red cloak. Jarilo sat on the fiery horse-sun. Many girls fell in love with a beautiful young man. And God is ready to reciprocate each. Being the god of fertility and procreation, Yarilo also acts as a deity of corporal love for men and women. This explains why the doll of Yarila was often made with a large phallus, which is the oldest symbol of fertility.
Attributes of God
Yarilo - the sun-god - was endowed with suchattributes like an arrow, a spear, a golden shield, or a circle embodying the sun. The stone of the god is considered amber, metal - gold and iron, and in the afternoon - Sunday. Also, all solar symbols can be identified with Jaril.
Holidays in Yaril
Another day of Yarila is April 15. For God, at the feast, they chose the bride-the most beautiful girl in the settlement. They called her Yarilikha or Yarila. Chosen Yarilas dressed, put on a white suit horse, a wreath of spring flowers was put on her head, the girl took the ears in her left hand, and the image of the severed human head on the right hand - the symbol of death. The horse with the bride was taken to the fields - it was believed that this rite promotes fertility. This rite has one more variant, when a girl depicting Yarilu is tied to a tree, and then round-dance with round ritual songs is conducted around her.
Closer to the middle of the summer, Jaril was again honored. At this time, the boys and girls gathered on the "Yarilina pleshka" - a certain place outside the village. The whole day the people walked, sang, treated, danced. On this holiday the young man (Yarilu) and the girl (Yarilikhu), dressed in white clothes and decorated with ribbons and bells, were honored.
As soon as night came, fires were lit,called "Yarilin lights." Often the holiday ended with the symbolic funeral of the bride and groom - a scarecrow of straw in clay masks was thrown into the water or left in the fields. So people seemed to say that it's time to finish and have fun, it's time to work.
Myths about Yaril
Jarilo is the embodiment of youth and life, thereforeoften in myths, he acts as a lover. Moreover, according to some signs it becomes clear that God is in love with all women on earth and even Earth itself.
So one of the variants of the pagan myth about the creation of the world and the appearance of life sounds.