Mexico is a huge and colorful country on thethe southern coast of the North American continent. Its population today is 113 million people, among whom there are representatives of the most diverse world religions. But the most part (which is natural from the historical premises, which will be discussed below) are Catholic Christians.
Mexico: Religion and Culture
Statistics show that for 2010year, more than 95% of Mexican citizens identified themselves as Christians. But before you find out what kind of religion in Mexico, it is worth considering that the percentage of emigrants to this country is quite high. This is the Americans, and the inhabitants of India, Russia, European countries.
Mexico, whose religion isa subject of great national pride, replaced its confessional composition throughout the entire evolution of the state. It is noteworthy that in the process of colonization and settlement of the continent by the Spaniards in the beginning of the sixteenth century and in the further development of the colonies, the native inhabitants - representatives of the ancient tribes - gradually converted to Christianity. Therefore, for today, you can count a few dozen tribes, which completely adopted Catholicism.
The Age of Ancient Tribal Relations in MexicoFirst of all, the cult of the forces of nature dictated: the earth, the sky, the elements. Therefore the priests of the ancient tribes appealed to their gods to make their farming more productive. The gods could take pity and shed the rain over the huge arable land or send to the people their divine punishment in the form of a severe drought.
Sacrifices to the gods were an inalienableA part of the culture of ancient Mexican tribes. The priests selected the best people to make a gift to the higher powers, they brought their first harvest to their totems, believing that they would thus deserve the divine mercy. Such a comprehensive presence of religion in the life of ancient societies at one time led to the decline and weakening of civilization.
Christianity came to Mexico is far from peacefulby way of. It was planted by the conquistadors and developed with their own participation, when they occupied the mainland, destroying the indigenous population. Since the first Spanish conquerors settled on the territory of modern Mexico, the role of the church has been steadily growing.
Until the middle of the XIX century, most of the territorycountry belonged to the church administration. But the changes did not make us wait long. With the onset of revolutionary time, the church separated from the state administration.
To date, the choice of the main religionis an individual affair of everyone, and the state itself has a secular nature of government. In general, Mexico, whose main religion is Christianity, has about 3 million members of the Protestant community and half the number of Orthodox Christians.
But separately it is necessary to talk about the participation of church associations in the life of today's Mexico.
Mexico: religion and "symphony of the authorities"
Along with the official government, speaking withpolitical statements and activating civil society, the church actively participates in the struggle against radical sects, and also focuses on the demographic and economic problems of the whole country.
A similar trend can be traced in manystates to date, and such interference of the church in secular affairs is not assessed as something sharply negative, since any oversight is more useful than its absence. This same opinion is shared by Mexico, whose religion has great cultural and historical wealth.
Special culture of the South
Since the Mexicans are the third largestpeople of the whole western hemisphere, it can not be not heterogeneous. Here there are a variety of cultural, confessional, political and everyday views on life.
In general, hitting this unique country, you immediatelyunderstand what's the matter. If you are a person who was lucky enough to travel in the Western Hemisphere, then you probably noticed that all the peoples of the south of North America and the north of the South are united by a distinctive feature of the mentality. Mexico, whose religion and culture are extremely rich, will prove to you that all its citizens are united in a single system of Latin American culture, which has been formed for many centuries.
Great influence on it had paganismMexican tribes, then the "intervention" of the European colonialists. Modern inhabitants of the country inherited a lot of traditional rituals, cultural norms and a significant part of their mentality from the Spaniards who arrived on the mainland in the sixteenth century. In this regard, it is very revealing that most Mexicans today consider their native language to be Spanish, in its local, dialectal variations.