Clematis is an abundantly flowering plant with beautiful bright flowers reaching a diameter of 20 cm. These chic lianas effectively look both in group planting and in individual planting.
With clematis with pink, white,yellow, purple and even almost black inflorescences it is possible effectively to decorate any constructions: an arbor, a fence, a porch, a ladder. In order to successfully breed these plants, it is necessary to know the basic features of their reproduction. In this article, we will consider the cuttings of clematis as one of the main ways of breeding these colors. In order for the result of the cuttings to be successful, it should be remembered that the material is best cut from a young plant during the budding period. It is necessary to carefully observe all the rules of nursing and top dressing of the mother's flower, so that the cuttings are saturated with nutrients and take root.
There are two methods of propagation by propagation -green and lignified shoots. The most common is the first method, since the use of lignified cuttings is not productive enough. The second method is used when necessary to obtain seedlings of a rare type of clematis, as well as for a limited number of cuttings on the mother plant. Usually, lignans, not tying seeds (for example, Peter) and small-flowered varieties (Juianiana and other clematis) are bred with lignified shoots. Cuttings with the help of green shoots are most promising and are used for mass cultivation of large-flowered varieties (Andromeda, Asao, Arctic Quin).
Clematis: cuttings with green shoots
Green cuttings harvested in the periodactivating the growth of plants, they are cut directly from the growing bush. Fence cuttings are carried out from March to September. Spring and August-September cuttings root in greenhouses, in June and July you can use the open ground. One should not cut more than a third of the shoots from one bush, as taking a large number of branches can disrupt the growth and development of the mother plant. For the cuttings take the middle part of the shoot with developed kidneys: the lower (oblique) cut is made 3 cm below the kidney, the upper (straight) - 2 cm higher. With a pruner or knife, cut the stem below the knot by 5 cm. Next, separate the apex of the stem above the knot. Then remove the extra leaves and part of the stem on the other side.
It is advisable to hold the pieces insolution of heteroauxin. After this, the prepared cuttings are planted in greenhouses or greenhouses. The substrate for clematis should be lower from humus, and from above from river sand and peat (1: 1). Clematis will grow well if the air humidity is high, from 80%, so it is advisable to cover the seedlings with a film (can), spray and fully water. The temperature is maintained in the range from 20 ° C to 25 ° C. Also cuttings should be protected from overheating. Here in this care Clematis need. Cuttings will be successful if you observe the irrigation and temperature conditions.
If the plant is properly planted and does not testdiscomfort, then the root system should be formed within two months. After its development cuttings gradually open, accustoming to fresh air. During the first year the clematis only form a root system, and the stem will grow only after wintering.
Another method of breeding - cuttings clematis apical shoots
There is another way of reproducing lianas -apical shoots. In August-September around the plant make shallow grooves. Shoots with the kidneys are laid out along these grooves, pressed (for example, with wire clips) and covered with loose soil. And the top of the shoot is brought up, out. For layers carefully care: watered, fed. After a while, roots begin to grow from their nodes. Branch of rooted shoots is produced in a year, in spring or in autumn.