Perennial clematis are represented by a varietyspecies and colors. Horticulture knows more than 230 species of this flowering plant, and only 50 of them are cultivated for home gardening. They attract gardeners with abundant flowering and uncomplicated care. Pink, blue, purple and other shades of clematis pleases the eye with its abundant flowering from the very beginning of summer to the end of September (see clematis, photo is presented).
Cultivation of clematis with small flowers a littlediffers from the cultivation of large-flowered species. These curly bushes and semi-shrubs with proper care blossom long and abundantly. Those that have small in diameter flowers, develop well on loose soil, subject to regular watering in the first year. Types of clematis with large flowers need a trembling care for them. Coming from the subtropics, they can not endure droughts, love regular watering, but are light-loving.
How to start growing clematis
Successful The cultivation of clematis begins with the rightchoice of location. Therefore, the plant needs to provide a sunny, protected from the winds place, but it should not be a sunny southern side: overheating for clematis is as dangerous as prolonged drought. Clematis is a moisture-loving plant, so it must be watered regularly, then loosened, and mulch the ground with sawdust or peat.
For the winter, perennial plants are cut depending on the clematis species. Small-flowered shoot from a support and stack shoots a ring, well covering from forthcoming frosts.
If you purchased a one-year-old small plant,it is better to plant it in the spring, when there are no more frosts or in the middle of autumn, covering it for the winter with a small layer of fallen leaves. When planting, water well, making holes around the plant.
Clematis soon take root and give the first shoots. At first it will be 3-4 shoots, but in the second or third year with proper care the bush will expand. Already in the first summer after planting can please the plant with the first flower, it is picked off for the correct formation of the bush.
Successful cultivation of clematis is possible on a fertilesoil. Plants do not like too hard ground, so add humus, sand to the soil. Fertilize bushes should also be regularly: organic or mineral fertilizers 2 times a month.
Clematis grow fast. Depending on the type, they release shoots from 1 to several meters. Therefore, they need to put the pedestals, ladders already almost immediately after the appearance of the first shoots in early spring.
Propagation Clematis cuttings. Cuttings can be harvested from lignified stems, but not old ones. To do this, take the middle part of the stem, cut into several cuttings with 3-4 sleeping buds. Root in peat, sand, fixing the cuttings at an angle. Cover with a foil or jar. The soil around the cuttings is regularly moistened.
The most optimal variant of clematis reproductionis multiplication by layers. To do this, they take a long shoot in the fall, bend it over the ground and in a few places pinch a dart, fill it with earth or stones for rooting. So leave until the spring, covering the fallen leaves. In spring, already rooted shoots are separated and transplanted to a permanent place.
In order for the flowers of this perennial to please you every year, it is necessary to understand that the cultivation of clematis requires constant proper care.