Clematis haymakers awarded the honorary titleKing among the most popular vines. But among the set of these magnificent plants there are other varieties - low (not more than 100 cm), not "climbing" on the supports, but at the same time strewn with graceful flowers. He is not inferior in beauty to the royal lianas. The hero of our article will be clematis bush (or whole-leaved).
The main distinguishing feature of these plantsis their winter hardiness, which allows them to grow without shelter, even in northern regions. Among the cluster varieties, forms with four petals predominate, but there are also flowers with six petals. They can have a different color - from light blue to saturated blue, from pale pink to lilac. No less effective are bushes with white flowers. Many varieties are very delicate florets in the form of bells.
Clematis bush blossoms somewhat earlierhigh lianas. From the beginning of June until the first days of September they please us with their bright colors. If you cut off blossoming flowers, the bushes kick the buds. So many florists extend the flowering to cold. If you do not cut it, then at the very end of summer, the branches of the bushes will be decorated with an elegant lace made of fruits. These are numerous achenes with tendrils and fluff. This beauty will undoubtedly enliven and beautify the deserted garden.
Clematis clementis: planting and care
This plant is unpretentious and very responsive toadditional top dressing. Well-lit areas are preferred by this plant, although it feels quite comfortable in the penumbra. Planting clematis bush is produced in early spring, when the soil warms up, or late autumn. In a severe climate with a very frosty winter, you should not risk - plant a bush in the spring.
First you need to prepare a landing pit. It is filled with a mixture of peat, compost (humus), garden soil and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 1. To the obtained composition it is necessary to add 3 cups of ash, 150 g of mineral fertilizers and 200 g of dolomite flour (or wood ash).
In the pit, you need to make a small mound of soilmixture, and gently spread on it the roots of the plant, only after that they can be sprinkled with a small amount of soil and moisturize. Seedling should be planted so that the growth point was immersed in the soil by about ten centimeters. The pit does not fully fall asleep. During the summer, it gradually sprinkled, leaving the growth point slightly below the ground level.
Thanks to this way of planting in the futurebush clematis, photos of which can be found in all directories on gardening, will develop better. In the first year the plant must be plucked. This will form the root system and growth points. The next year the plant will please you with three or four sprouts. In addition, in the first year should be removed and most of the flowers, so as not to overload the young seedlings.
Shrub Clematis, photos of which you cansee in this article, they need competent pruning. The beauty of the bush largely depends on this. Shoots first shorten when planting. Growing from the lower pair of kidney shoots in the summer must be nipped. In addition, in the summer, regulating pruning is necessary.
Clematis bush: care
Most gardeners believe that this isunpretentious plant. However, this does not mean that bush clematis do not need care. Planting and caring for the plant will require the owner to comply with certain rules, of course, if he wants to see on his plot a beautifully flowering plant, rather than a half-savage shapeless shrub.
It is necessary to periodically loosen the soil underbush, remove the weeds. Clematis bush loves that the soil is always slightly moistened, but there should be no excess moisture. Young plants in the first three years in warm weather watered every other day. If the autumn is dry and warm, then watering is carried out on the same schedule.
We have already mentioned that clematis shrubvery fond of fertilizer. It is desirable to carry out fertilizing twice a month, preferably with liquid fertilizers. The first time this procedure is carried out in the spring, when the shoots start to grow. For this period, ammonium nitrate (20 grams per bucket of water), mullein (1:10), chicken droppings (1:15) will do. Under the bush poured five liters of fertilizing.
Each subsequent top dressing alternates: if the former was organic fertilizers, then mineral substances should be used during the second one. Only during the formation of buds can they be made simultaneously. During the vegetation period, it is useful to water clematis with bush with the addition of boric acid (no more than 2 grams per ten liters of water).
In the fall, it is necessary to start preparingplant for winter - apply mineral or organic fertilizers (granulated superphosphate, calimagnesium, potassium sulfate). This late feeding is carried out during digging, fertilization is recommended to be applied to the soil which has been poured previously. The best sorts of clematis bush are presented below.
Quite rare shrub clematis with straight,thin and very numerous shoots no more than 40 cm long. The leaves are dense dark green with pointed veins. Flowers of beautiful pink color, diameter up to 7 centimeters. They consist of four oblong, curled petals and numerous, thick, light stamens. Blossoms this variety is very abundant throughout the summer season.
Closer to autumn on the bushes appear beautifulFlat seeds with cute fluffy "tails". They make the plant even more attractive. This variety is used for curbing for curbs, mass and single landings, rockeries, rocky hills. In the winter shelter does not need.
Clematis height of 60 centimeters.Flowers have the form of a camomile, opened, in diameter to five centimeters, petals white, are collected in numerous inflorescences. Blooms abundantly. The variety is unpretentious, grows in any conditions.
And this is an old, proven proven timethe grade is suitable for beginners. He is unpretentious, growing fast. Flowers large (up to 10 cm in diameter) single drooping bell-colored lilac-lilac. Anthers are pale yellow. The plant blooms profusely from the end of June to the frost.