What is dilapidated housing? Unfortunately, this concept is not disclosed in the legislation of the Russian Federation, although it appears in the names of both federal and local programs. In the manual, approved by Gosstroy of the Russian Federation MKD 2-04.2004, the requirements for the maintenance of an apartment building are explained, including common property, such as communications, equipment and premises in which they are located.
Methodical manual determines the state of the construction of the house as a whole:
- the percentage of deterioration of stone buildings - above 70%;
- the percentage of wear of wooden houses and mansards from a material of local origin is higher than 65%;
- the main load-bearing structures retaining their strength, but whose operational requirements cease to meet the necessary requirements.
Old housing, which appears in the manualas an emergency, is considered as such, provided that more than fifty percent of residential premises and load-bearing structures endanger life and health of residents.
Often money from owners,intended for repairs, go into account for the maintenance of housing (the work of cleaners, janitors, locksmiths, managers, etc.), and the repair itself is not put on the list of priority tasks. If the house is run by a commercial organization, the main purpose of such an activity is to make a profit, and the money intended for repairs goes for other purposes. Thus, dilapidated housing becomes a "splinter" of housing and communal services, over which, in turn, is not properly controlled.
According to the Presidential Decree was adopted in 2010law on resettlement from dilapidated housing. On its basis, the program "Old housing" (in separate regions) was developed. But since the law does not have a clear statement about what a dilapidated housing is, in practice, everything is not so simple. To become a participant in the program, the house needs to receive the status of dilapidated and emergency housing, and if there are no criteria, then how to achieve the demolition of a house that has served its term?
It should be understood that the financing of theThe resettlement of emergency and dilapidated housing is carried out at the expense of investors and budgetary funds of the regions. The situation on the ground from the financial point of view is completely different, therefore the percentage of resettlement across the country is distributed unevenly. Often, some areas, even having adopted a resettlement program, do not fulfill their obligations, referring to the lack of funds. The number of dilapidated housing is only growing, primarily due to military and post-war buildings, where repairs have not been carried out for a long time. Therefore, at the moment, the priority direction of the policy is the overhaul and liquidation of emergency and dilapidated housing.