Currant cutting plays an important role infruit bearing and normal development of the bush. It must be made to increase the growth of branches, as well as the formation of a beautiful bush. Crops of currant, which was planted in the fall, do in the spring. The currant, planted in the spring, is cut off in the autumn. These are the basic rules for caring for her. Each shoot of the planted currant is cut off, but you need to leave three to four kidneys. If the seedling is weak, the currant is cut directly at the soil surface. Some gardeners do not apply the trimming method after planting the bush. However, it is necessary to do this in order for the above-ground part of it to begin its normal development after disturbing the root system as a result of excavation. As a result, it improves the survival rate, the evaporation of moisture decreases and an intensive formation of the currant bush and, subsequently, its fruiting.
Pruning of currant bushes makes it possible to growyoung radical shoots from sleeping buds. The greatest number of shoots appears to the second and third year after disembarkation. As the aging grows, the bush loses its ability to form new shoots. Therefore, before the age of five, from young shoots, three to four strongest kidneys should be left, which are far apart. The abandoned shoots must necessarily shorten the tip to a well developed kidney. Weak shoots are cut out to thin the bush and ensure the normal development of promising shoots. Such forming pruning is carried out until the bush will not have fifteen or twenty branches of different ages. This period of time takes four to five years after planting.
Over the next few years, beginning with the five-yearage, remove the four oldest and least-productive branches, and instead of them leave the four most developed basal shoots. It is also necessary to remove dry or broken branches. If the bush is too thick and its growth is weak, then several young branches need to be removed. First of all, sick or weak shoots are cut off, as well as annual ones, which are superfluous.
Yielding skeletal branches are inexpedient to remove, but the tops, which have a weak growth, are subject to shortening to the point where a strong lateral branching begins.
If the timely pruning is not performedcurrant, it is fraught with a strong fouling of the bush and its density, resulting in a sharp decline in the harvest of berries. There are almost no radical shoots. Therefore, such bushes make a strong thinning, remove branches lying on the ground, as well as those branches that grow inside and give a small crop.
After about ten to twelve years, even withthe proper care of the currant bush ages and becomes weak. Its yield is decreasing. To prolong fruiting, the bush is rejuvenated partially or completely. For this, the branches are cut in two or three steps. First, cut out half of the old branches or one third. This will ensure the emergence of young basal shoots. After a year, remove the other half of the old branches. As a result, the bush is significantly updated. This rejuvenation allows you to get a good harvest for another six to eight years.
Currants are cut in early spring, before the buds bud.
Great attention is required by the autumn pruning of bushes. It is better to start in October and finish by early December, while choosing dry weather. Crops of currant in autumn should begin with young bushes. On shoots, you need to leave two to three buds. If the shoots are too young, then you can leave four kidneys. In the next two years, this procedure is repeated, and for the fourth year, the overgrown branches are cut out, since they are mostly unproductive and serve as a breeding ground for pests.
And one more very important rule that you needadhere to: the bushes should not be too close to each other, so as not to create a mutual shadow, since this negatively affects their yield.