All parents want to grow their children smart,capable of science. And early mathematics can help. However, children do not really like this complex science. To get acquainted with the basics of mathematics kids will help a fairy tale about numbers.
Math can be studied playfully
It would seem, about what games and tales you canspeak when it comes to such a serious science as mathematics. However, wise teachers assert that even the younger preschoolers can explain various nuances in this direction if to make the activity interesting and exciting for kids. Stories that feature living beings who are given names-numbers and numbers-are perceived by mathematicians as beginning more effective than the dry statement of material, facts, and laws.
In addition, all children are so fond of stories, inwhich fiction is intertwined with reality, where good conquers evil. Therefore, the fairy tale about numbers is still useful to kids and because it not only gives mathematical concepts, but also in the traditional allegorical manner reveals the essence of human relations before them.
The Tale of Decimals and Discharge Units
Modern children are happy to read fairy tales about numbers and figures. And there are a lot of them written by children's writers. Even the children themselves compose amazing stories in which figures appear.
For example, one girl came up with an amazinga fairy tale about the kingdom, ruled by a wise and kind queen of the Thousand. She was very fond of her subjects, whom she constantly rewarded, multiplying herself. And the inhabitants of her state from this became more majestic and more significant.
But there was a disease with the queen, whichturned it with a terrible virus - "turn with a comma" - at 0.001. And now, multiplying their subjects, the queen reduced them a thousand times ... And no one could cure her, except for one very wise doctor. It was he who again instilled the queen of the virus-inversion, which returned her the previous value. Here is such a wonderful tale about numbers.
City of Tens
This is a fairy tale about numbers from one to ten. They, like people, lived in their own city, made friends, quarreled, reconciled themselves and made mistakes. So, with the words "Once upon a time, there were numbers," a mathematical tale begins ...
In a beautiful small town that stretches across theon the banks of a forest brook, there stood small multicolored houses. They were very small, just even very tiny, no more than a matchbox. But to the inhabitants of this city, the houses seemed quite large. And all because the inhabitants of this settlement themselves were tiny-tiny, growing with a string girl.
But, despite the small size of the inhabitants,Passion in the town boiled serious. And one of the wise old-timers of the town, whose name was number Six, decided to write the most amazing stories in the book and call it "Fairy tales about numbers and figures."
The first story about a number called "Who is more important?"
Naturally, the story began with the words"Once upon a time there were numbers." A mathematical fairy tale, like any other, seems to be a lie, but there is an important hint in it that should be a lesson to kind young men and wise girls.
There lived the numbers together according to. Particularly well, everything was for four inseparable friends: Edinichka, Dvoyki, Troika and Four. But only once did they have a dispute, who is more important than them. The beginning of his Four:
- Although I love you, my friends are crooks, butshould tell you one thing. Actually, I am the most important among us. Look: the house has four corners, the table has four legs. The same number of paws in dogs and cats, the wheels of cars. And that's why you should address me to "You" from today!
"What nonsense!" - The number three was outraged. "The most important number among us is me!" Just look: the number 3 in fairy tales is magical, magical. The sons of the kings always have three, assignments must also be performed, not four, not two, namely three. And the most important thing happens on the third day. Therefore, it's better to call me "Mister Three".
"Well, that's how to look," the Doubt doubted.- People usually look for a couple to create a full-fledged family. Man's hands and feet are also matched. Just imagine that people walk on four legs - it's incomprehensible to the mind! And the person has two eyes and an ear. So let's better address me to "You", so it will be more just.
- That's right, but something is still wrong, -laughed Edinichka .- I, although the smallest among us, but after all I stand in the numerical row of the very first. And during the competition, the winner for some reason is awarded the first place and give out a gold medal. And for the second, only silver is laid ... I will not say here about the third and fourth place - immodestly it somehow.
The most high-quality people are always calledfirst-class. And second-rate or, especially, third-rate goods, most buyers will bypass the side. Yes, and the skill of specialists is often denoted by categories, where the first indicates the highest level.
And if you touch the structure of the human body, then the organs that people have one by one are the most important: the heart, the liver, the brain.
If you think about our main purpose - to participate in mathematical activities, only I can divide into myself any number without a trace, so that it does not even notice it.
You know what? I think that we are all equally important! And so do not argue about this. Let's not argue anymore. And let the mathematical tale of ours end with the words "Friendly and according to lived-there were numbers". And the new stories will be about interesting events that will take place in the town, where the residents do not argue and do not argue with each other.
And since then, no longer find out One, Two, Three and Four, which of them is more important.
The second story is titled "The Tale of the Number 5"
Happened here the other day:
Suddenly came the Five
All in the mud, dust, repyah!
"What's the matter with you?" Where were you? "-
Seven and Eight were surprised.
"Oh, come on, guys!
Climb where they do not ask,
Ugly! I'm tired", -
So I said and fell ...
Six of the bushes came out of it:
"I'll tell you everything as it is.
This morning the number Five
The Hare was running around.
Here the hunter runs out,
As expected, shoots.
The Hare Falls, and Five
In fear, she ran.
I put the Hare in the basket,
I lifted the burden on my back
And he went to his house.
Five, get up! Bunny alive!
One, two, three, four, five -
The bunny is running again!
Fairy tales are new, friends,
I will write for you all! "
Prehistory of the third fairy tale about the Seven-poker
In the town of Dozens there lived the figure Seven. Local residents teased her with Kocherga - a nickname such as hers came up with. And this figure, and the truth, was very similar to this device in order to stir up coals in the stove.
As you know, a poker is a strange thingcharacter. On the one hand, it can be used to melt the furnace and heat the house. A good thing, like, necessary. And if you look at it from the other side, you can cut it with a poker so that it does not seem too small. Often in the stories about the life of our ancestors figured this cast-iron curved letter "G" stick as a weapon of fights and even murders.
So the character of the Seven was also contradictory. Yesterday she came up with a week, which includes 7 days, and the last, the seventh, weekends did. How grateful they all were to her! And today she is already angry with someone and let's yell: "Just get to me - I'll send seven skins from you!".
And then suddenly calmed down and such a beautiful rainbow painted in the sky - a simple sight! Seven colorful stripes arc curved, set fairy-tails.
Only this is not a story, but a tale. The beginning of the fairy tale with number 7 is waiting for the reader ahead ...
How the Seven-Kocherga got a new home
Maybe it was so, and maybe all the enemiesthis. Only they say that she decided once to create a new house for her. It's not simple, like everyone else's, but it's special that it's about the seven walls. She thought for a long time how to do it, she broke her head. Nothing works! A pile of paper on the drawings led Seven, a bundle of pencils exuded, but the case did not move one iota.
Very upset number Seven, right up to tears. Closed in his old house on the castle and does not come out. All the numbers in the city were even worried, no matter how bad things happened. They piled around the fence, that the dwelling of the number Seven surrounded, discussed the situation, they thought how they would act. And suddenly…
They heard that from the open windows suddenly musicamazing flowed. Yes, such a wonderful thing, that neither in a fairy tale you can say, nor in a dream! Such a gentle and pleasant, such a soulful melody from Seven turned out.
And she, it turns out, from grief, that houseshe did not come out extraordinary, came up with seven notes. And I learned to record with their help melodies that were overheard by the stream and the rustling trees, singing birds and singing to themselves under the nose of artisans. At first I just recorded music on a music sheet, and then I played the flute. So now the musicians record their works with these amazing badges.
And the house? His numbers were harmoniously built for his neighbor Seven! New, solid and the walls in it were exactly seven. And still the numbers painted it in seven colors as if the rainbow itself decided to rest on it. Since then, no one has poked fun at the Seven. After all, she alone managed to create such beautiful things - a rainbow and music. And her name was "The Seven Beautiful".
The story is fourth, terrible and terrible, about a bloodthirsty dragon named Zero
In some kingdom, the Arithmetic state,lived-there were numbers. A mathematical fairy tale would not be a fairy tale, if there were no magic in it, and miracles are inexplicable. Here and on the Arithmetic state attacked the dragon bloodthirsty, angry and ruthless. His name was Zero.
He grabbed all indiscriminately, multiplied by himself anddestroyed. And all because after this action the numbers themselves turned into Zero. And after each crime the dragon grew a new head, he became stronger and more bloodthirsty. Well, the residents in the state became less and less. And there was such a terrible event - the dragon kidnapped the princess herself! Mourning was announced throughout the state.
We began to think numbers here-guess, how would they dragonto win, so that it's possible to tell new tales, kind and merry, and tell your children. And they decided to make friends with the dragon, although it was, it should be said, not an easy task.
They cast lots of lots, and it fell out so that to go todragon, the princess had to be rescued by the number 9. In fairy tales, as is known, it is considered magical, after all it is obtained by multiplying the triple (which is already included in the numbers of fairy-tale, magical ones) into itself. "Three times three times the sun will rise, three times three times the dew on grass will fall - and a rider on horseback will appear from behind the mountain. Here he is, and will save the princess from the cruel serpent! "- said the king's prophets, performing their strange rites.
And it happened. It is not for nothing that an important role is played by numbers in Russian folk tales. That is why even here nine days later the number Nine, sitting on a horse, approached the lair of the dragon - the princess to help out. And behind his bosom was a flask of spring water, which, they say, has magical power.
And they met near the ninth mountain - viciousZero and the selfless number Nine. The dragon burst out laughing, his tail hammered, the fire began to release from the mouth. But only the Nine was not at a loss, jumped to him and rose in front of the dragon, splashing in its mouth with spring water, magical. And to smile the Nine did not forget, openly and amicably. Zero was even bewildered by astonishment ... The dragon did not even have time to multiply his traditional multiplication, as the numbers 9 and 0 merged in a single instant and turned into a single whole - the number Ninety.
And she came out of prison princess, kissedHis savior, who became ten times stronger and more magnificent, and gave him the consent to become his faithful wife. They sat on a horse and drove home, happy and happy. Then the terrible fairy tale about numbers has ended. In mathematics, someone "excellent" or "good" in the journal stands - he understood it. And anyone with knowledge in this science is weak - do not blame me, rules teach, and you decide the examples, look, next time and you will understand everything!
Why did the king have three sons and why do seven nannies have to the eyeless child?
Not only in real life a huge role is playednumber. In Russian folk tales very often three sons, three tasks, three days appear. And the dragons or Snakes of the Horynichi, which also appear thrice, each time have an increasing number of heads: first three, then five, seven or nine, and the third, the most difficult, since the monster may even have twelve. Numbers in Russian fairy tales play a purely symbolic role. A child who is not yet familiar with mathematics, visually does not begin to imagine exactly the number of heads in the dragon, about which there is a speech. For him, such important concepts as increasing the danger each time, and the fact that there were a lot of goals.
Is there any algorithm that obeysnumbers in proverbs, sayings, fairy tales? Maybe there's. For example, three symbolizes perfection and harmony, not only in Russian culture, but throughout the world. Therefore, we remember to this day three heroes. And to Ilya Muromtsu before the miraculous cure of him are exactly three elders. And a distant place, where often the hero of a fairy tale departs, is at the far end of the earth, somewhere in the thirtieth state.
In the Orthodox religion there is the Holy Trinity,symbolizing the unity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. And in the ancient Slavic faith there was a deity about the three heads. One head dominated the heavenly world, the second - over the earthly, and the third - over the underwater.
The trail of fairy-tale and sorcery stretches also fornumber seven. For example, everyone remembers the tales in which there are seven-mile boots, Snow White gets to seven dwarfs, just as the Sleeping Beauty - to the heroes of the corresponding number.
In proverbs and sayings too often there is a seven.
- Having measured seven times, one can be cut off only once.
- Seven with bipod, and one with a spoon.
- Seven miles to the sky.
- Seven do not wait for one.
- Too many cooks spoil the broth.
- Seven on benches.
And such glory was fixed after this number, ratherall because, once, before the emergence of the decimal system of calculus, there was a septenary. That is, two-digit numbers began not after ten, but after seven.
The same goes for the number five. After all, there was a time when the system of calculus was fivefold and even octal. It remains a mystery only why the number eight did not leave its mark in oral folk art.
But the ninth, even in the modern world, is oftenstands out by people who are addicted to the meaning of numbers by their influence on destiny. This is due to the fact that this number is, as it were, the beginning and the end of a person's life experience. It bears the last earthly lesson of humanity - forgiveness.
However, it occurs in proverbs and proverbsalso number two, which is not included in the category of "magical". This, rather, reflects the position of dialectical materialism, which reflects the unity and struggle of opposites.
- Two bears can not get along in one lair.
- Two boots - a pair, yes both on the left leg.
- For two hares to chase - not one to catch.
And in the modern tale lazy Vovka "help" two of the casket. And often stories tell of two daughters, where one is good and hard-working, and the other is evil and lazy.
There are modern winged expressions with very different numbers, for example: "Just like twice two", "Again twenty-five!", "It's better to see with your own eyes once than hear a hundred times".
Think that magic numbers in fairy tales onlyare there? Not at all! People have long been occupied with the influence of numbers and numbers on human destinies. And on this basis there was a numerology - either science, or belief in the mystical power of numbers. But, anyway, and very many people are not-no, and pay attention to the fact that the figures of the bus ticket or the numbers of oncoming vehicles seem to have the gift of predictions. Perhaps this is a simple coincidence. But who knows…
Even the most inveterate cynics with a largedispleasure populated in hotel rooms under the number 13 or 666. But almost everyone simply adores the seventh, third, fifth and ninth. Such glory was fixed to them among the people - some are considered kind, magical, and others - bringing misfortune, even devilish.
Today you can find whole scientific works, inwhich according to the scheme have the ability to calculate their "number" by the date of birth and read about yourself on the page devoted to this figure. The compilers of these works associate both the character of the person, and his capabilities, and his future precisely with this "main" number. And how much they are right, everyone decides for himself.