Turnesia is a popular aquarium fish. She is beautiful, hardy and undemanding, and therefore suitable for beginners. Fish are often recommended to colonize in a common aquarium. But with all, will get to live the thornsia? Content and care, nutrition, breeding, compatibility - in this article you will learn everything about this fish.
Aquarium thorns are flocks and should live in a group of seven individuals. They like a thicket of plants, but in the aquarium there should be a free place to swim.
In nature, the Ternes live in small rivers, streams and tributaries in South America. They inhabit the upper layers of the water and feed on fallen insects. For sale, fish are bred on the farm. They live 3-5 years.
How large is the growth of the thorns? The maintenance and care of this fish is simple, because it has a rather modest size - up to 5.5 cm. These crumbs look very effective in the aquarium. The body is rhomboid, oblate from the sides. Two black stripes pass along the body, the anal and dorsal fins are large. Black anal fin of females resembles a smart skirt.
There are several types of thornsia: classical, veil, albino and gold. Of particular interest is the products of the brand GloFish - genetically modified fluorescent fish.
These artificially bred pets havebright color, which becomes even brighter under the influence of ultraviolet light. There are red, pink, blue, green, yellow and orange forms. Coloring is inherited.
The red color of the thorns is attached to DNA fragmentsred coral. They become green because of the presence of fragments of jellyfish DNA. Yellow (orange) color gives a combination of jellyfish and coral genes. How beautiful is the transgenic thornsia? Photos show that such fish look, at least, unusual.
Popular in recent times are "caramels" - it's artificially colored fish. They can be bright pink, blue, green, orange.
Bright color is given with the help of injectionsdye. Over time, it fades and becomes paler. Such fish are somewhat weaker and more vulnerable than their classic relatives. They live less and are more often sick. Color is not inherited. A novice is more suitable for a normal or genetically modified thornsia.
Maintenance and care
Ternesia unpretentious and undemanding fish. They do not need a huge aquarium. It is enough to follow a simple rule - one fish should have about 10 liters of water. That is a flock of 10-12 individuals will feel free to feel in a 100-liter aquarium.
Comfortable water temperature - 22-24 degrees. The transgenic form needs a higher temperature - about 28 degrees. Stiffness is not more than 18, the acidity level is 6.5-7.5 pH. Since in nature they prefer shady ponds, then plants need to be planted in the aquarium to create natural shelters.
Filtration and aeration are necessary. Every week you need to do a water substitution and cleaning the ground. In the aquarium should be enough space for swimming, too much to plant it with plants do not need. On what background is it better to look thornsia? The photos show that the classic dark fish will look good against the background of the light ground, and the colorful ones - against the background of the dark. The aquarium can be decorated with stones, driftwood, grottoes.
What is the character of the thornsia? The maintenance and care of a fish depend also on its temperament. As already mentioned above, the thrones are schooling fish. So, life alone brings them suffering. In the company the fish are calm and peaceful. But, being left alone, they become nervous and aggressive.
The flock can be kept with other fish species. Ternesia active, moving fish. They can be divided into several groups and conflict with each other. In a spacious aquarium, keep in the upper and middle layers of water, freely swim. In a small container, when overpopulated and stressed, they hide in thickets of plants, swim only for food.
What food habits has the thornsia? Fish is omnivorous and not prone to overeating. Ternetia eagerly eats dry food, but especially like live and frozen food - daphnia, Correcture, Cyclops, Artemia.
If you feed your fish with small bloodworms, thenbe sure to use the feeder. In nature, they grab insects in the upper and middle layers of water, so the mouth is anatomically arranged so that from the bottom it is simply inconvenient to lift food.
Nutrition largely depends on health andlongevity of beauties. It must be balanced and diverse. It is not necessary to feed fish only with flakes and granules. Be sure to include live food in the diet.
Even an amateur can distinguish the sex of the thrones. Ternesia-female large, full, with a wide "skirt" of the anal fin. Male smaller, slender, with bright coloration. The caudal fin has a white edging, and the dorsal fin is longer, pointed.
By the nature of the Ternes are classified as peaceful fishes, butthis is true only if they live in a large flock and in a suitably sized aquarium. Who can get to live with the thornsia? Compatibility with peaceful fish - gourami, scalyari, discus, lalius, mollynesia, swordfish, guppy, neon, gambusin, rassborami, peaceful catfish.
You can not keep in one container with veiled tail,barbs, cichlids and other aggressive fish. The thornets will attack sluggish valeleaves and cut off their fins. If the thornsia are contained in small groups (for example, only 2-3 individuals in a population of other aquarium species) or in an overpopulated aquarium, they can become aggressive and literally begin to terrorize other, smaller and calmer fish.
At 8 months of the thornsia, having reached a size of 3-5 cm,are capable of reproduction. Smaller or larger fish are not allowed for breeding. The spa water tank is filled with 50 liters of water to a level of 5 cm. The moss is placed on the bottom. The temperature is set to a level of 24-26 degrees. Good aeration is needed.
Three days later, one pair is placed in the spawning groundsmanufacturers. They need to be fed heavily with live food, not allowing that its residues settle on the bottom. After 3-6 days, spawning begins. The female will give out about 1000 eggs in small portions. After spawning, parents are immediately removed.
The water temperature rises to 28 degrees. After a day the larvae leave, after 3 days they begin to swim. Young animals are fed with live dust. As the fry grows, the fry is sorted, as the thorns tend to cannibalism.
Ternesia - the fish is beautiful, bright and simple incare. Both the classical and the colored form can decorate any aquarium. Even unusual luminescent colored individuals do not require any special conditions and live long enough.