Dogs are very susceptible to some dangerousinfectious diseases. The most dangerous for dogs, which in most cases lead to the death of the animal, are diseases such as infectious hepatitis, carnivore plague, leptospirosis and rabies. Leptospirosis is not completely cured, it proceeds chronically, and usually leads to a number of complications. If we talk about rabies, then this is a deadly disease that a person can get from an animal. Unfortunately, to date, only the prevention of a dangerous disease by vaccination has been developed. In clinical manifestations, rabies does not respond to treatment. That is why it is so important to competently and in due time to vaccinate puppies.
Puppy in the age of 6 - 8 weeks is protected fromdiseases of antibodies, which he receives in the first days of life with the colostrum of the mother. This phenomenon is called collostral immunity. However, by 6 - 8 weeks of life, the effect of collostral immunity expires, and the baby can become seriously ill. It is by this time that vaccination is necessary to introduce new antibodies into the animal's body for protection. The first vaccination of the puppy takes place at the age of approximately 8 weeks, and if the animal is kept in a nursery where the risk of infection rises many times, the puppy is vaccinated at the age of 6 weeks.
The first vaccinations for puppies are done at intervals ofthree weeks. Subsequently, vaccination of the dog is carried out annually to maintain overall immunity. Naturally, the animal that is going to be vaccinated must be clinically healthy. The puppy should have a good appetite, normal body temperature, the eyes should be without expiration, the dog should not normally have a runny nose. Otherwise, the animal's organism will develop insufficient protection, and this in its turn is fraught with complications.
One vaccination of care for a four-footed pet,of course, is not limited, the question of when to make the second inoculation, will be relevant even after the initial vaccination. After all, the second vaccination, according to veterinarians, is considered a guarantee of establishing a strong immunity in the animal. It is necessary to remember that after a second vaccination the puppy can be taken out for walks only after ten to twelve days.
But when to do the third inoculation to an animal,only an experienced veterinarian will be able to tell, since it directly depends on the general condition of the puppy and the peculiarities of adaptation of the dog's organism to a certain type of vaccine. Usually the third vaccination is done to dogs at 6 months of age, after the change of milk teeth, because at this age the immunity of the animal is weakened.
Of course, the first vaccinations for puppies are bestdo at home, because in a clinic where sick animals are cured, an unprotected baby can easily get infected with dangerous infectious diseases. And immunity is produced in the body not immediately after vaccination, this process takes about 10 days.
If you decide to purchase a four-legged friend onmarket or take from the street, the vaccination of the puppy in this case is done after some time, since the animal can have an incubation period of the disease, and vaccination in this case can cause irreparable harm to the health of the dog. A puppy purchased on the market or picked up on the street needs some preventative measures. First, such animals are injected with a special serum (antibodies against various infectious diseases). This procedure helps the animal's organism to effectively fight with the latent infection, and only about two weeks after the introduction of the serum make the necessary vaccinations to the puppies.