Every mother should understand that developing a babyit is necessary from the very birth, and not only from the moment when he begins to speak or is actively interested in surrounding things. So, in this article I want to talk about how to develop a child in 2 months.
The two-month-old kid is still very youngand is not yet fully strengthened (this happens around the beginning, in the middle of the third month of life of the crumb), but he is already actively mastering the movements with his hands and feet, developing the muscular system and slightly controlling his swings. The child at 2 months can slightly raise his head in the "lying on the stomach" position, but on the back he still lies asymmetrically, bending one or the other leg alternately. The situation will change towards the end of the second month of life. As for the fingers, they will almost all of the time be compressed into a fist, if the adult person puts a finger there, the child will greatly squeeze it. The hand of a crumb can already lift up to the very head and keep along the upper part of its torso. It is also important to remember moms that at this age the cry of a child is the main means of communicating with others. So he signals if he is cold, he wants to eat or his mother needs to change the baby's diaper quickly. The child can also "scream" about various pain sensations that he can feel at this moment. At the same time, the baby begins to talk, or rather - to babble, uttering various sounds. Vowels such as a, e, y, a, e will prevail. A crumb also can pronounce the letter "x" along with the vowels - "ho", "he", "ha". It is important to say that at this time the mother can see the first smile of the baby, which in this way will thank her for the care and warmth. Well, it's time to start working with the carapace, developing it in different directions.
If a woman wants to know how to develop a child in2 months, she needs to remember that the first rule: as much as possible to pay attention to their crumbs. In most cases, the child does not care what they will do to him or what manipulations he will carry out with him, he needs his mother to be there. It is necessary as often as possible to take the child in his arms, practice contact "skin to skin", talk a lot to the kid, even simply pronouncing his actions. So the kid will be more interesting to observe others, plus he will always hear human speech and thus learn to understand the world. At this time, it is important that the child was not only my mother, but also my father. Thus, the child will perceive the world from different sides and identify himself somewhat differently than when he is exclusively in the women's, mother's company.
What is the child's regimen in 2 months? Here is also an important question. It is important to say that there are no special instructions, it is usually all individually, and at this time the kid himself regulates his time of playing and resting. However, in general, it can be said that it takes much more time for waking moments than in the first month of life, and this period is gradually increasing. So, the baby sleeps about 3-4 times a day for one and a half to two hours, in the total it is about 8 hours in the afternoon and 16-18 per day. In this period it is already possible to allocate a certain feature of crumbs - it will be "owl" or "lark". So, some children are more active since the morning, and someone - an amateur at night to walk, and in the morning to sleep. At this time, it will be almost impossible to change this situation, because the baby still uses only the signals of his own biorhythms. The child's regime becomes important (in 2 months). Here, my mother must understand that, for example, you need to bathe the crumbs at the same time. It is also better to do with walking, so that the child can navigate during the day, and closer to the evening to understand that soon you need to go to a long night's sleep. As for the night's sleep, if the child does not bother, such as colic, he can sleep soundly for about 6 hours without waking up even to a snack. However, if there are any problems, it is necessary, at the first cry of the baby, to respond to his call: simply to approach or apply to the chest. So babies at this age are best calmed down.
Often, moms have a question about how to developchild in 2 months. It's simple, you can do it with different toys. What could it be? Clearly, there are various rattles. They should be bright, produce a variety of sounds. However, not too big and heavy, because crumb while it is difficult to hold objects. Rattles can be hung above the child, and it will simply touch them with legs or handles. Also it is good to stock up various drawings on which the large one-color subjects will be represented. So the baby will be easier to perceive the picture. It is also good to buy a mobile - a rotating carousel, which will also be interesting at this time.
Development: mastering the movement
So, how to develop a child in 2 months? You need to do this competently, without dumping everything into a bunch, and working with the child alternately with something one or the other. So, now we are going to talk about how to help a child learn the movements.
Turns: at this time it is possible to help crumbs learn to master coups from the tummy to the back and back. First, it's better to see how older children do it and already, by their example, help their child. First: you need to put the baby on his stomach and help his hands to turn over on his back - it's a little easier than turning over from the back to the tummy. But you need to train both options. You also need to put the child on the back, grab on the sides with your hands and, as it were, swing it from side to side, showing that this is how it will later turn over. After a while, you need to give the crumb to try and repeat all the movements yourself. It does not matter, if the first time did not work, you need to do it every day, without giving up this lesson. An important point: it is better if the baby always turns to his mother, and not turns away from her, this will be an additional incentive to perfectly perform the tasks.
On the handles: it is also important to take the baby in your arms as often as possible, but not in one position, but in different ways. Then it can be vilified lying on his hands on the back or on his stomach, then hold it a little bit. The child can also twist-twirl, do not be afraid of it. Especially since the children often like it.
Head: if the child is 2 months old, you need to help him work with the neck muscles, teach to keep the head. To do this, the baby should be placed on the stomach so that when the head is raised, it is directly in front of the mother's face. You can attract a child in various ways: showing toys, pictures, just talking with him. It is necessary to do what the karapuza likes, and then he will slowly begin to learn how to raise his head, in order to better see the mother or what she shows.
Muscles: if the child is 2 months old, he can already be raised by the hand. How to do it? When a crumb lies on the back, the mother gives him two of her fingers, for which the child grabs, and slowly pusas the baby. If everything goes well, you can raise the child further, in a standing position. And if the child's arms are strong enough, and the baby does not throw his mother's finger, you can also in time try to understand it in this way over his mattress. You can not be afraid to do it, especially since the kids really like it. Another exercise that will help the baby in the future: in the "lying on the stomach" you need to press his legs under his tummy. And if while he does not do it himself, for the future these trainings will be useful.
We study subjects. What can be the lessons with the child (2 months)? Everything is simple, you can begin to study by touch all the items that are at home. To do this, for a short period, take the crumbs on the handles in the "pillar" position and carry them around the house, holding it in various objects. The baby will feel that they all differ from each other not only in color, but also in touch: some are cool and solid (furniture), some soft and warm (pillows or plush toys). It is important to say that everything that sees a crumb, you need to comment on, tell him what it is and what it's for. Also, you must start developing small and large motor skills of the baby's fingers (this will be necessary, especially for the development of the baby's speech center). So, he needs to put various objects in his hand and tell what it is and what is needed. Once, for example, it can be a thick knitting thread with a knot at the end, another time - a felt-tip pen and so on. Also for the development of fine motor skills, you can make toys at home. To do this, you need to sew a small bag of dense bright fabric, which is filled with beads or, for example, millet. Everything is sewn properly, so that nothing falls out and the kid is put into the handles. Touching such a pillow, the karapuz massages his fingers and promotes such a simple way of his own development.
It is at this time that the baby begins to "walk", i.e. on its own to talk with the outside world. Do not be afraid to talk to the baby in his language. So he will understand that all that has been said can be repeated, and will try to do it. In the 2 month of the child's life, communicating with him, one must exclude from his speech various pronouns. It is better not to say "I", but "mother", not "he" or "she", but "dad" or "grandmother". Also the baby needs to be called as often as possible by name, so that he gets used to it: "Sasha has woken up!" Or "Sasha will eat now". When you want to say something to a child, you need to call it by name, so that he understands when and how to properly address it. However, to consciously react to his name, the baby will begin only by the half-year of his life.
It is also very important to do a daily massageto kid. 2 months of crumbs is the time when it needs to be actively developed. There are situations when a doctor appoints a massage for one or another of the indications, but the mother should also mend her own child at home. It can be a simple hand massage. It is necessary to put the baby on the back and stand at his feet. Then, in the baby's hand, the mother needs to put her finger in and stroke the child's brush first, and then the entire hand. Movements should be easy, smooth, you do not need to click anywhere. This is done with one hand and the second. Next, the handles slightly bend-unbend, and the mother can also massage the palm of the crumbs lightly.
By the same principle as hand massage,a foot massage is performed. It is necessary to put the baby on the back, stand at his feet, take in the arm first one foot, stroking her from the foot to the hip, but bypassing the knee area and the front part of the shin. Then everything is done with the other leg. You can also massage the foot.
How else can I massage a child (2 monthscrumbs)? So, it can be a mild massage of the back. First you need the back of the palm from the buttocks to spend lightly on the back to the head, back massage massage stroking movements are already done with the palm of your hand. So you need to repeat 4-5 times. It is also good to develop the spine and crumbs. To do this, it should be put on the barrel, with one hand to fix the legs, and the other to hold on the spine from below, from the sacrum, to the top. According to the reflex, the child will buckle the back. After doing such manipulations on one side, the baby needs to be turned over to the second one and repeat the same.
Massage the abdomen
Also important is the stomach massage of the crumbs. Especially it is necessary for children who suffer from colic. So, first of all it is necessary to stroke the tummy of the baby clockwise, this is done approximately 5 times. Further, Mom's hands put one after another on the tummy and alternately strokes the baby movements down, doing so five times. It is important that these movements coincide with the work of the intestines, helping the child to easily transfer the processes of digestion of food. It is also good to stroke the slanting muscles of the belly of the crumb, passing the palms from the sides to the center of the tummy.
There are also developing games for the child up toof the year. In this situation, it is good to use various auxiliary items. One of them is a big ball, fitball. On it it is necessary to put the child (if a little naked, it is better to cover a ball with a cloth) on a stomach and to drive so a little that in one, then in other party. This not only develops the muscles of the child, but also makes a small massage belly, which is very useful for such a baby.
What are the developmental exercises for children? So, why not practice the sight of the baby? To do this, you need to take some bright object, you can flashlight, and drive them before the child's eyes first from one side to the other. When the kid is confident to follow the subject, you can continue the game further, leading them from the top down. When it is already confidently obtained, you can move the object in a circle. However, it is worth remembering that if the crumb was quickly fed up with this occupation, it is better to stop it and move on to something else.
The development of a child (2-3 months) already allows crumbsclearly hear everything that adults say. This is the most suitable time to introduce the karapuza with rhymes, because almost all babies really like the rhymed lines. You can recite children's (and not only) poems, or you can just improvise, rhyming everything that happens around and in this way communicate with the carapace.
How to develop an infant? To do this, simply attach the bell-bell to the booties. And with every movement of the feet the baby will hear a distinct sound. And if he likes it, the child will move as much as possible, thus training his muscles.
The game "Where am I?"
To develop the hearing and vision of the crumbs, you canplay with him in a simple game called "Where am I?" For this, it is enough for the mother to move around the room at a time when the baby is lying, say, on the bed. So, the child will try to find a look at his mother, training while doing so. It's worth saying that this is a great game, after all, you can do many useful things along the way.
Game "What is this?"
In order to develop the child's sense of touch, heYou can give different subjects to touch. They can be hard and soft, warm and cold, smooth and rough. You can also pick up different flaps to make the child understand that everything in the world is different, not only in appearance, but also in touch.
Playing the development of neck muscles
For this game, the mother must lie on her back andput the tummy down on the baby. When the baby is comfortable settled, you need to call him by name and try to get him to at least slightly raise his head and look at his mother's face. Do this until the baby refuses to lift the head.
It should be noted that today there is a hugenumber of different literature on the topic "Developing a child at home." There you can find a different plan of advice, which, incidentally, can even contradict each other. So, some experts will say that at this age the child needs to be as slow as possible, while others, on the contrary, will recommend the elements of dynamic gymnastics for newborns. Therefore, parents should competently approach the choice of those activities and exercises that they want to develop their own child, focusing on pediatrician's recommendations and own experience and opinion.