Even the most non-dangerous diseases of a pregnant womancan harm a developing in the womb of a child. Bacteria and viruses, before which the immune system of an adult person can stand, can become an unbearable burden for a baby whose body is just starting to form.
Infections during pregnancy can causethe occurrence of congenital malformation or fetal death. Sometimes these causal relationships are fairly pronounced and can not cause any doubt. But most often it is impossible to say with complete certainty that it was the infections that were transferred during pregnancy that were the unfavorable factor that caused damage to the fetus (invisible or visible).
The presence of infection during pregnancy canprovoke fetal death and spontaneous miscarriage at any time. It can happen either because of the increased tone of the uterus with inflammation in the female genital organs, or because of intrauterine infection of the fetus. Intrauterine infections can be manifested by damage to tissues and various organs of the fetus. At the kid in the womb of the mother can develop such serious diseases as hepatitis, gastroenteritis, meningoencephalitis, pyoderma, etc. And the severity of his disease will be more pronounced than in an adult. There is a high probability that due to the penetration of microorganisms into the blood of the child, his body will be totally affected.
The most serious problems arise in those cases,when the infections are compatible. Even a combination of two infections increases their mutual negative influence, and also lowers immunity, accordingly the effectiveness of treatment decreases. Specialists also note the fact that during pregnancy, the immune system is depressed, this is necessary for bearing the fetus. That is why hidden infections during pregnancy are activated, and those diseases that have developed slowly and asymptomatically for months, and sometimes even years, are beginning to progress.
The most common sign of any infection isinflammation of the cervix and vagina, which the doctor must find at the first examination, when the pregnant woman is only registered. If, at this stage, there are no infections, then in the future they can spread to the uterus, the placenta and fetus, and then the fetus becomes infected.
If the pregnant woman has a strong immunity,infections can continue to localize in the vagina and cervix, and not affect the development and condition of the fetus. But, unfortunately, there is still the possibility of infection of the child when passing through the natural birth canal.
The severity of the disease of the fetus and in general the outcomepregnancy depends on the time at which infection was detected. According to statistics, the earlier the infection spreads on the fetus (up to 12 weeks), the greater the probability of an early miscarriage and intrauterine fetal death.
In order to prevent intrauterineinfection of the fetus, the pregnant woman is prescribed, most often an antibacterial agent, but as you know the choice of drugs is very limited. That's why infections cause a lot of trouble.
In addition to the main treatment for women in"position" prevent placental insufficiency, because a healthy placenta is an excellent barrier to infections. In order to prevent infection of the fetus, preparations are prescribed to reduce the tone of the uterus, improving blood circulation and nutrient supply to the baby.
To avoid serious problems for women, it is recommended to take tests on time for infection during pregnancy, but better during the planning period.