How does Chlamydia affect pregnancy? Is it dangerous for the unborn child? These questions are of interest to pregnant women and those who are just planning a pregnancy. Chlamydia are the simplest organisms that live and reproduce on the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system. There are cases of finding chlamydia in other places, for example, in the conjunctiva of the eye.
Features of chlamydia in pregnancy
Chlamydial infection differs latentThe course during which no symptoms of the disease appear. Only in the case of exacerbation of the disease appear mucopurulent discharge, there are pulling pains in the lower abdomen.
The first information about chlamydia appeared long ago: in medical textbooks they were mentioned in the 80s of the XX century. But only in the last decades of urology and gynecology began to connect with the presence of Chlamydia infection all the problems that arose during pregnancy. It is believed that most of the miscarriages, various pathologies of pregnancy, intrauterine infections (VUI) most often occur due to infection with chlamydia.
Despite the fact that differenthigh-precision methods of diagnosis, clamidiosis in pregnancy, is not always revealed. One smear on chlamydia can give a positive result, the other, performed in a few days, already shows the absence of chlamydial infection. And this is not considered a doctor's mistake - just chlamydia can not always be determined. Why? It's all about the stages of development of chlamydia: at some stages they are easily diagnosed, it's quite difficult to identify them on others. All research methods can give both false positive and false negative results. Only a complex genetic engineering method, which is based on the search for chlamydia DNA, can give a more accurate result.
Danger of chlamydia during pregnancy
In non-pregnant women, chlamydia is most often the cause of vulvovaginitis, and even inflammation of the appendages. These diseases weaken the immune system, and may even lead to infertility.
The most dangerous is chlamydiapregnancy. The thing is that in a number of cases it causes not only miscarriages, but also premature births. During childbirth, when the child passes the birth canal, he can also be infected with Chlamydia infection. For newborns, chlamydia is dangerous because it causes conjunctivitis, otitis media and even pneumonia. To avoid such serious consequences, all women with an identified disease are required to undergo treatment.
Methods of treatment of chlamydia in pregnant women
Treatment of chlamydia during pregnancy canbe both local and general. Inflammatory diseases (vulvovaginitis, endocervicitis) are treated locally, with the help of candles, very widely used preparations of silver. But if the appendages are affected, even in pregnant women antibiotic therapy is performed. Since smears are used for diagnosis, the determination of the sensitivity of microorganisms to certain antibiotics will not cause any difficulties.
When prescribing medications for pregnant women,choose antibiotics, in which the molecules are large enough to pass the fetoplacental barrier. The main thing that he was sensitive to chlamydia. The negative effect of antibiotics on the fetus, perhaps, therefore, clamidiosis during pregnancy is treated only by short courses of taking tablets of a wide spectrum of action. Most often used antibiotics of a new generation, which are almost safe for the fetus.
Chlamydia in pregnancy should not be treatedonly a woman, but also her second half, because chlamydial infection equally affects both men and women. During treatment, sex should be protected. Otherwise, the infection will continue to be transmitted from one partner to another.
No doubt, it will be better if you think abouthealth at the planning stage of pregnancy. Having passed all the necessary tests for sexual infections, including chlamydia, before pregnancy and having received appropriate treatment, you will save yourself and the future baby from many problems.