Growing vegetables and herbs in your garden formany today is both a useful and a favorite activity. Of course, it is very important to get a good harvest from your site. The best result is achieved when properly adjusted crop rotation in the garden.
Importance of crop rotation
If the same plants are constantly planted onone place, then their enzymes (root secretions) etch the soil and yield decreases. So, for example, with long growing in one place celery, tomatoes, cucumbers, beans, cabbage in the soil, the pathogens of various diseases are accumulating. Therefore, a crop rotation in the garden is necessary, that is, an annual change in the places of cultivation of crops on the site.
The same cultures and related onesrecommend putting in the same places at least three seasons. It is important to observe this condition, because different cultures require different fertilizers. For example, cucumbers, cabbage, zucchini, leek, pumpkin need organic fertilizers; carrots, beets, parsley - in mineral; onions, garlic, greens, tomatoes - in minerals, and in organic.
Advantages of alternating crops
Alternating crops in the garden allows:
- reduce the impact of pests and pathogens accumulated in the soil, especially dangerous for the past crop and less dangerous for the next;
- Improve nutrient intake from soil by plants;
- more rational use of mineral and organic fertilizers, taking into account their effect and aftereffect on different cultures;
- avoid negative phenomena that are caused by root secretions of a given plant species;
- deep digging to lead gradually (only for crops that need deep loosening of the soil).
Organization of crop rotation
In order to organize a crop rotation of vegetablecultures in the garden and not get confused in the landing areas, the following solution is often suggested. The whole garden is conditionally divided into four zones (although possibly three). We plant cultures in groups. The first group is vegetables, which need organic. The second group is vegetables, which require mineral fertilizers. The third group is vegetables, for which both organic matter and minerals are important. And the fourth group is potatoes.
For the next season, it is necessary to choose such places for planting plants, so that they can be approached by previous cultures:
- Beans - cabbage, potatoes, root crops, tomatoes.
- Potatoes are legumes and early cabbage.
- Cabbage - root crops, beans, tomatoes, potatoes.
- Tomatoes, peppers - legumes, root vegetables, cabbage.
- Luke - potatoes, pumpkin, root crops, beans.
- Roots - potatoes, tomatoes, early cabbage.
- Greenery - legumes, cabbage, potatoes, pumpkin.
- Cucumbers and pumpkin - root vegetables, early cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes.
You also need to know the unacceptable predecessors. For example, do not fit:
- Cabbage - pumpkin, radish, rutabaga, radish.
- Leaf beet - spinach.
- Luke - leeks, carrots, radishes, celery.
- Carrots - zucchini, parsley, tomatoes, fennel, celery.
- Cucumbers, pumpkin - rutabaga.
- Radish - kohlrabi.
- Beetroot canteen - tomatoes, spinach.
- Tomatoes and other nightshade cucumbers, zucchini.
How to increase the yield
Following certain rules of crop rotation ingarden, on one plot of land you can get two crops a year. For example, before planting peppers, tomatoes, aubergines, you can grow radish, spinach, lettuce. After cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, plant turnip and radish. After early potatoes, drop kohlrabi, cauliflower, broccoli. After the peas radish, salad, pepper, spinach grows well.
Between rows of vegetables slow growing can be plantedfast-growing. For example, between the rows of carrots, beets, celery, you can grow salad, radish, spinach, green onions. Radish and lettuce can be grown between cabbage rations (early and late). On the edges of the beds grows green.
More heat-loving plants (cucumbers, peppers, aubergines) are useful to grow among taller ones (tomatoes, peas, corn).
Rules of J.Seimore
According to J. Seymour, it is recommended to consider the following rules, which make it easy to plan crop rotation in the garden:
- If potatoes are planted on heavy moist soils, other root crops can be grown there for the third, fourth year.
- Beans like soil, well-limed, which does not like potatoes. Therefore, it is better not to plant potatoes after legumes.
- Cabbage lime is loved, but not fresh. It is better to plant them after the legumes.
- Radish, salads, cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini like rotted manure and compost. After them it is good to grow root crops.
- In some places you can always plant greens (leaf lettuce, spinach, dill).
Table of alternating cultures
So, to make it easier to organize crop rotation in the garden, the crop rotation table will give information in a more visual form.
|Cabbage varieties of medium and late||Legumes, cucumber, carrots, early potatoes||-||Beet, cabbage|
|Beet||Cucumber, greens, siderates, potatoes||Tomatoes, onions, carrots, cauliflower and cabbage early|
|Cabbage color and early varieties||Legumes, onions, cucumber, siderates||Tomatoes, carrots||Root crops, cabbage|
|Cucumber, squash, squash, pumpkin, zucchini||Onion, cabbage of early and medium varieties, color, garlic, legumes||Potatoes, beets, cucumber, greens||Tomatoes, carrots, cabbage late|
|Tomatoes||Turnips, cucumbers, greens, siderates, cauliflower||Medium and late cabbage, beet, onion||Potatoes, tomatoes|
|Onion garlic||Cucumber, potatoes, legumes, color and cabbage early cabbage||Tomatoes, beets, onions, late cabbage||Carrots, greens|
|Potatoes||Legumes, color and cabbage early cabbage, cucumbers, siderates||Greens, cabbage, carrots, beets||Potatoes, tomatoes|
|Beans||All varieties of cabbage, potatoes, onions, garlic, cucumbers||Tomatoes, greens, root vegetables, siderates||Beans|
|Greenery||Legumes, color and cabbage early cabbage, onions, cucumbers, siderates||Potatoes, tomatoes, greens, beets||Cabbage late, carrots|
"Conveyor" of vegetables
Very convenient for constant receipt of freshgreens and vegetables on the table the so-called vegetable conveyor. This conveyor begins, when in the spring we plant greens on the garden. Crop rotation in this case helps to achieve the best results.
Sequence of arrival on the table of greenery, vegetables, root crops:
- In the spring: a pen of perennial chives, onion-batoon, parsley, tuba of Jerusalem artichoke, left for the winter.
- A little later: sorrel, young nettle, rhubarb, feather of onions planted in late April.
- Then: dill and radish.
- From the end of May to the beginning of June: salad mustard, spinach, salad cabbage, basil, coriander.
- In mid-June: early tomatoes and cucumbers, young potatoes, beets, carrot.
- End of June: cabbage grown by sprouts color and early.
- July: tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, beets, zucchini, carrots, broccoli, early potatoes.
- August: patissons, legumes, corn, turnip, pumpkin, eggplant, sweet pepper.
- Autumn and winter: celery (transplanted into pots), feathers of onions, watercress, salad alfalfa, mustard leaf, grown at home.
Given all the advantages of this approach, it is worthremember and creativity in the organization of planting. Crop rotation in the garden will help, but it needs to be applied to their needs, opportunities and desires.