Often, braking with a sharp depressionThe brake pedal is not only inefficient, but also quite dangerous. This is especially true when there is ice on the road. When braking under similar conditions, the brake pads block the wheels, and the machine continues to slide. In this situation, it is very easy to lose control of the car, so the best solution for reducing the speed will be engine braking.
What is this process, and whatAre the car nodes involved? Usually, when driving peacefully, the engine keeps approximately the same number of revolutions. At the beginning of the trip, the speed increases rapidly, and as the speed increases, the engine becomes more difficult to pick up. He has to counteract the various forces that seek to increase the speed, while we can say that the engine is braking.
Transmission scheme in this situationis sufficiently simple. It allows you to adjust the work of the engine and, accordingly, the very speed of movement. Since in high gears the engine transmits more force to the wheels, thus increasing their speed, its increase is almost not felt. At low gears, everything happens for the engine much easier, and the increase in speed is especially noticeable for the person in the car. Therefore, braking the engine at low revs is an effective way to reduce the speed of the vehicle.
However, you should be very careful when performing this action, since there is a risk of failure of some auto units, from the suspension to the engine.
It is very easy to brake the engine, however, in order to master this technique, it is necessary to practice.
First, when driving, you must turn onthird gear, so that the engine starts to speed up faster. To do this, press the accelerator pedal to increase the speed and then release it quickly. Then, the transmission is switched in two ways: sharp and smooth. The second method can only be used by an experienced driver, since almost all the limbs will have to be used to perform the switching. To do this, the legs should be located simultaneously on the clutch and gas pedal, performing a shifting engagement and gas transmission.
With a successful maneuver on the front of the machinebecause of the inertia will have more weight. Thanks to this, the car becomes more stable and less prone to drifts. Thus, by braking the engine, it is possible to increase the safety of passengers and the driver, in contrast to the case of the usual braking with the pads.
This technique should be used with cautioninexperienced drivers, as the risk of breakage increases. Only by carrying out confident braking (reversing) of the induction motor on smooth and dry roads, it is possible to start training, for example, on the descents.
If the brakes are gone, it is necessary to reducevehicle speed, using engine. To do this, it is enough to simply remove the leg from the gas, without turning off the gear. Thus, the engine braking is used. If the car is at high speed, it must be reduced, switching on a downward transmission - from high to low. However, do not switch from the fourth speed immediately to the first one. As a result of such actions, the probability of the car leaving for a skid becomes high. Lower the speed should be gradual, and bringing it to a minimum, you need to brake the parking brake.
Learning to perform engine braking, you can make traffic safer - both in ice, and on steep mountain descents.